Journal of Immunology Research

Journal of Immunology Research / 1998 / Article
Special Issue

12th International Conference on Lymphoid Tissues and Germinal Centres in Immune Reactions

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Open Access

Volume 6 |Article ID 37576 | 7 pages | https://doi.org/10.1155/1998/37576

Presence of Germline and Full-Length IgA RNA Transcripts Among Peritoneal B-1 Cells

Accepted30 May 1997

Abstract

Next to conventional B cells (or B-2 cells), peritoneal B-1 cells have been shown to contribute significantly to the production of IgA-secreting plasma cells in the gut. Evidence for this was mainly based on studies comprising manipulated animals, including lethally X-irradiated and transgenic mice. To examine the ability of peritoneal B-1 cells from untreated mice to switch actively to IgA in vivo, we performed RT-PCR analysis on FACS-sorted peritoneal B-cell subsets from untreated BALB/c mice in order to examine the presence of germline Cα mRNA and mature Cα mRNA transcripts. Germline Cα and mature Cα transcripts were readily detectable in peritoneal B-1 cells (defined as IgMbright/IgDdull), but not, or very little, in peritoneal B-2 cells (defined as IgMdull/IgDbright). Moreover, by subdividing the B-l-cell population in CD5+ B-1a cells and CD5- B-1b cells, it was shown that in vivo expression of germline Cα and mature Cα transcripts was largely restricted to the B-1b-cell lineage. These results indicate that peritoneal B-1 cells indeed are capable to switch to IgA under normal physiological conditions and hereby further support the view that B-1 cells contribute significantly to the mucosal IgA response, albeit this function appears to be restricted to the B-1b-cell subset.

Copyright © 1998 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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