Journal of Immunology Research

Journal of Immunology Research / 2005 / Article

Open Access

Volume 12 |Article ID 297598 | https://doi.org/10.1080/17402520500317859

Sabine Oertelt, Thomas P. Kenny, Carlo Selmi, Pietro Invernizzi, Mauro Podda, M. Eric Gershwin, "SNP Analysis of Genes Implicated in T Cell Proliferation in Primary Biliary Cirrhosis", Journal of Immunology Research, vol. 12, Article ID 297598, 5 pages, 2005. https://doi.org/10.1080/17402520500317859

SNP Analysis of Genes Implicated in T Cell Proliferation in Primary Biliary Cirrhosis

Abstract

Previous studies on primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) have focused on the role of T lymphocytes as potential effectors of tissue injury. We hypothesized that single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of genes involved in lymphocyte proliferation would be responsible for uncontrolled expansion of T cells and autoreactivity. To address this, we genotyped DNA from 154 patients with PBC and 166 ethnically matched healthy controls for SNPs of five candidate genes (60G/A CTLA-4, 1858 C/T LYP, -IVS9 C/T foxp3, p1323 C/G ICOS and -9606 T/C CD25) using a TaqMan assay.We report herein a statistically significant decrease in homozygosity rate for the 60A⋆CTLA-4 allele in patients with PBC compared to controls (p = 0.0411). Moreover, we found a significant association of the same allele and of the LYP⋆T allele with anti-mitochondrial antibody (AMA) serum negativity (p = 0.0304 and 0.0094, respectively). No association between any of the other studied SNPs and PBC susceptibility, progression, or AMA status was observed. In conclusion, given the high prevalence of SNPs in CTLA-4 detected in numerous autoimmune diseases, we encourage a more detailed genetic analysis of this candidate gene. Further, although obtained from a limited number of AMA-negative subjects, our data suggest a potential genetic heterogeneity for this specific subgroup of patients with PBC.

Copyright © 2005 Hindawi Publishing Corporation. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


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