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Clinical and Developmental Immunology
Volume 2012, Article ID 784740, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/784740
Review Article

HIV and Malnutrition: Effects on Immune System

1Department of Microbiology, Dr. Baba Saheb Ambedkar Hospital, Rohini, New Delhi 110085, India
2Department of Microbiology, BLK Superspeciality Hospital, Pusa Road, New Delhi 110005, India
3Department of Medicine, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital & PGIMER, Baba Kharag Singh Marg, New Delhi 110001, India

Received 1 September 2011; Accepted 22 November 2011

Academic Editor: Andrea Gori

Copyright © 2012 Shalini Duggal et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

HIV or human immunodeficiency virus infection has assumed worldwide proportions and importance in just a span of 25 years. Continuous research is being done in many parts of the world regarding its treatment and vaccine development, and a lot of money has flown into this. However, fully understanding the mechanisms of immune depletion has still not been possible. The focus has also been on improving the quality of life of people living with HIV/AIDS through education, counselling, and nutritional support. Malnutrition further reduces the capacity of the body to fight this infection by compromising various immune parameters. Knowledge of essential components of nutrition and incorporating them in the management goes a long way in improving quality of life and better survival in HIV-infected patients.