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Journal of Immunology Research
Volume 2014, Article ID 141378, 7 pages
Research Article

Airborne Biogenic Particles in the Snow of the Cities of the Russian Far East as Potential Allergic Compounds

1Scientific Educational Center of Nanotechnology, Far Eastern Federal University, 10 Pushkinskaya Street, Vladivostok 690950, Russia
2Scientific Research Institute of Medical Climatology and Rehabilitation, Vladivostok Branch of Far Eastern Scientific Center Physiology and Pathology of Breathe, 73 Russkaya Street, Vladivostok 690105, Russia

Received 23 May 2014; Accepted 10 July 2014; Published 22 July 2014

Academic Editor: Takemi Otsuki

Copyright © 2014 Kirill S. Golokhvast. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper presents an analysis of airborne biogenic particles (1 mkm–1 mm) found in the snow in several cities of the Russian Far East during 2010–2013. The most common was vegetational terraneous detritus (fragments of tree and grass leaves) followed by animal hair, small insects and their fragments, microorganisms of aeroplankton, and equivocal biological garbage. Specific components were found in samples from locations close to bodies of water such as fragments of algae and mollusc shells and, marine invertebrates (needles of sea urchins and shell debris of arthropods). In most locations across the Far East (Vladivostok, Khabarovsk, Blagoveshchensk, and Ussuriysk), the content of biogenic particles collected in the winter did not exceed 10% of the total particulate matter, with the exception of Birobidzhan and the nature reserve Bastak, where it made up to 20%. Most of all biogenic compounds should be allergic: hair, fragments of tree and grass leaves, insects, and microorganisms.