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Journal of Immunology Research
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 174215, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/174215
Research Article

Coinfection by Hepatitis C Is Strongly Associated with Abnormal CD4/CD8 Ratio in HIV Patients under Stable ART in Salvador, Brazil

Laboratorio de Pesquisas em Infectologia, Complexo Hospital Universitário Professor Edgard Santos, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brazil

Received 15 April 2015; Accepted 16 July 2015

Academic Editor: Paola Nistico

Copyright © 2015 Clara Brites-Alves et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Proper immune restoration (CD4 count >500 and normal CD4/8 ratio) is reached only by a fraction of HIV patients, despite stable viral suppression. Methods. We present a case-control study to compare HIV patients with viral suppression >1 year, according to immune restoration pattern: adequate response (AR) defined by CD4 > 500 cells/mm3 and CD4/8 ratio >1; partial response (PR = patients with CD4 > 500, but CD4/8 ratio <1); inadequate response (IR = CD4 < 500 cells). Results. We evaluated 293 consecutive patients (89 AR, 112 PR, and 92 IR), 70% males. Male gender (), lower mean CD4 nadir (), higher baseline VL (), previous diagnosis of Tb (), or HCV () was associated with IR. Likelihood of AR/PR was similar regardless of gender, after adjusting for nadir CD4+ cells count. Longer time under suppressive ART was also associated with a greater chance of AR, but logistic regression identified coinfection by HCV as the main factor associated with abnormal CD4/CD8 ratio. Conclusion. Early initiation of ART and longer time since first undetectable PVL were predictors of AR. Previous HCV diagnosis significantly increases the risk of abnormal CD4/CD8 ratio.