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Journal of Immunology Research
Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 832057, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/832057
Review Article

Extracellular Vesicles: Role in Inflammatory Responses and Potential Uses in Vaccination in Cancer and Infectious Diseases

1Laboratório de Imunologia Celular e Bioquímica de Fungos e Protozoários, Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP), Campus Diadema, 09913-030 São Paulo, SP, Brazil
2Laboratório de Parasitologia Celular e Molecular, Centro de Pesquisas René Rachou, Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, 30190-002 Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil

Received 24 October 2014; Accepted 21 February 2015

Academic Editor: Aldo Tagliabue

Copyright © 2015 João Henrique Campos et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Almost all cells and organisms release membrane structures containing proteins, lipids, and nucleic acids called extracellular vesicles (EVs), which have a wide range of functions concerning intercellular communication and signaling events. Recently, the characterization and understanding of their biological role have become a main research area due to their potential role in vaccination, as biomarkers antigens, early diagnostic tools, and therapeutic applications. Here, we will overview the recent advances and studies of Evs shed by tumor cells, bacteria, parasites, and fungi, focusing on their inflammatory role and their potential use in vaccination and diagnostic of cancer and infectious diseases.