Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Immunology Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 3068913, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/3068913
Research Article

Immunomodulatory Effects of a Bioactive Compound Isolated from Dryopteris crassirhizoma on the Grass Carp Ctenopharyngodon idella

Laboratory of Aquatic Biomedicine, College of Veterinary Medicine and Research Institute for Veterinary Science, Seoul National University, Seoul 151742, Republic of Korea

Received 11 March 2016; Accepted 26 April 2016

Academic Editor: Marco Velasco

Copyright © 2016 Cheng Chi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Fisheries and Aquaculture Department, The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture, FAO, Rome, Italy, 2012.
  2. M. Reverter, N. Bontemps, D. Lecchini, B. Banaigs, and P. Sasal, “Use of plant extracts in fish aquaculture as an alternative to chemotherapy: current status and future perspectives,” Aquaculture, vol. 433, pp. 50–61, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y.-C. Wang, P.-S. Chang, and H.-Y. Chen, “Differential time-series expression of immune-related genes of Pacific white shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei in response to dietary inclusion of β-1,3-glucan,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 113–121, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F. C. Cabello, “Heavy use of prophylactic antibiotics in aquaculture: a growing problem for human and animal health and for the environment,” Environmental Microbiology, vol. 8, no. 7, pp. 1137–1144, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. B. Chakraborty and C. Hancz, “Application of phytochemicals as immunostimulant, antipathogenic and antistress agents in finfish culture,” Reviews in Aquaculture, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 103–119, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. Citarasu, “Herbal biomedicines: a new opportunity for aquaculture industry,” Aquaculture International, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 403–414, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S.-M. Lee, M.-K. Na, R.-B. Na, B.-S. Min, and H.-K. Lee, “Antioxidant activity of two phloroglucinol derivatives from Dryopteris crassirhizoma,” Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin, vol. 26, no. 9, pp. 1354–1356, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. E. A. Mazzio and K. F. A. Soliman, “In vitro screening for the tumoricidal properties of international medicinal herbs,” Phytotherapy Research, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 385–398, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. M. Na, J. Jang, B. S. Min et al., “Fatty acid synthase inhibitory activity of acylphloroglucinols isolated from Dryopteris crassirhizoma,” Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, vol. 16, no. 18, pp. 4738–4742, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Z. Gao, Z. Ali, J. Zhao et al., “Phytochemical investigation of the rhizomes of Dryopteris crassirhizoma,” Phytochemistry Letters, vol. 1, no. 4, pp. 188–190, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. B. Jiang, C. Chi, Y.-W. Fu, Q.-Z. Zhang, and G.-X. Wang, “In vivo anthelmintic effect of flavonol rhamnosides from Dryopteris crassirhizoma against Dactylogyrus intermedius in goldfish (Carassius auratus),” Parasitology Research, vol. 112, no. 12, pp. 4097–4104, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. H. Watanuki, G. Chakraborty, H. Korenaga, T. Kono, R. B. Shivappa, and M. Sakai, “Immunostimulatory effects of natural human interferon-alpha (huIFN-α) on carps Cyprinus carpio L,” Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology, vol. 131, no. 3-4, pp. 273–277, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. T. Aoki, T. Takano, M. D. Santos, H. Kondo, and I. Hirono, “Molecular innate immunity in teleost fish: review and future perspectives,” in Fisheries for Global Welfare and Environment, Memorial Book of the 5th World Fisheries Congress, pp. 263–276, Terrapub, Tokyo, Japan, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  14. K. Zenke and K. H. Kim, “Molecular cloning and expression analysis of three Mx isoforms of rock bream, Oplegnathus fasciatus,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 599–605, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. O. Takeuchi, K. Hoshino, and S. Akira, “Cutting edge: TLR2-deficient and MyD88-deficient mice are highly susceptible to Staphylococcus aureus infection,” The Journal of Immunology, vol. 165, no. 10, pp. 5392–5396, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. C. Chi, B. Jiang, X.-B. Yu, T.-Q. Liu, L. Xia, and G.-X. Wang, “Effects of three strains of intestinal autochthonous bacteria and their extracellular products on the immune response and disease resistance of common carp, Cyprinus carpio,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 9–18, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. J. Secombes, “Isolation of salmonid macrophages and analysis of their killing activity,” Techniques in Fish Immunology, vol. 1, pp. 137–154, 1990. View at Google Scholar
  18. X.-B. Yu, G.-L. Liu, B. Zhu, K. Hao, F. Ling, and G.-X. Wang, “In vitro immunocompetence of two compounds isolated from Polygala tenuifolia and development of resistance against grass carp reovirus (GCRV) and Dactylogyrus intermedius in respective host,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 541–548, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. K. J. Livak and T. D. Schmittgen, “Analysis of relative gene expression data using real-time quantitative PCR and the 2-ΔΔCT method,” Methods, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 402–408, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A.-C. Cheng, S.-A. Cheng, Y.-Y. Chen, and J.-C. Chen, “Effects of temperature change on the innate cellular and humoral immune responses of orange-spotted grouper Epinephelus coioides and its susceptibility to Vibrio alginolyticus,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 768–772, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. A. E. Ellis, “Lysozyme assays,” Techniques in Fish Immunology, vol. 1, pp. 101–103, 2009. View at Google Scholar
  22. X. Li, L. Liu, Y. Zhang, Q. Fang, Y. Li, and Y. Li, “Toxic effects of chlorpyrifos on lysozyme activities, the contents of complement C3 and IgM, and IgM and complement C3 expressions in common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.),” Chemosphere, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 428–433, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. S. He, Z. Zhou, Y. Liu et al., “Effects of dietary Saccharomyces cerevisiae fermentation product (DVAQUA®) on growth performance, intestinal autochthonous bacterial community and non-specific immunity of hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus ♀×O. aureus ♂) cultured in cages,” Aquaculture, vol. 294, no. 1-2, pp. 99–107, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. T. Lothar, “Clinical laboratory diagnostics,” Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, vol. 37, p. 771, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  25. Q. Ai, K. Mai, B. Tan et al., “Effects of dietary vitamin C on survival, growth, and immunity of large yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena crocea,” Aquaculture, vol. 261, no. 1, pp. 327–336, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. Chi, J.-Y. Liu, S.-Z. Fei et al., “Effect of intestinal autochthonous probiotics isolated from the gut ofsea cucumber (Apostichopus japonicus) on immune response andgrowth of A. japonicus,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 367–373, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. H.-F. Jiang, X.-L. Liu, Y.-Q. Chang, M.-T. Liu, and G.-X. Wang, “Effects of dietary supplementation of probiotic Shewanella colwelliana WA64, Shewanella olleyana WA65 on the innate immunity and disease resistance of abalone, Haliotis discus hannai Ino,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 86–91, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. K. Takeda and S. Akira, “Toll-like receptors in innate immunity,” International Immunology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 1–14, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. C.-L. Yao, P. Kong, Z.-Y. Wang et al., “Molecular cloning and expression of MyD88 in large yellow croaker, Pseudosciaena crocea,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 249–255, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. J. Su, J. Dong, T. Huang, R. Zhang, C. Yang, and J. Heng, “Myeloid differentiation factor 88 gene is involved in antiviral immunity in grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella,” Journal of Fish Biology, vol. 78, no. 3, pp. 973–979, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. R. Medzhitov, P. Preston-Hurlburt, E. Kopp et al., “MyD88 is an adaptor protein in the hToll/IL-1 receptor family signaling pathways,” Molecular Cell, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 253–258, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. C. A. Janeway Jr. and R. Medzhitov, “Innate immune recognition,” Annual Review of Immunology, vol. 20, pp. 197–216, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. T. Kawai, O. Takeuchi, T. Fujita et al., “Lipopolysaccharide stimulates the MyD88-independent pathway and results in activation of IFN-regulatory factor 3 and the expression of a subset of lipopolysaccharide-inducible genes,” The Journal of Immunology, vol. 167, no. 10, pp. 5887–5894, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. F. Denis and D. Archambault, “Molecular cloning and characterization of beluga whale (Delphinapterus leucas) interleukin-1beta and tumor necrosis factor-alpha,” Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, vol. 65, no. 4, pp. 233–240, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C. Yuan, X. Pan, Y. Gong et al., “Effects of Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) on the expression of immune response genes in head kidney, gill and spleen of the common carp, Cyprinus carpio L,” International Immunopharmacology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 51–58, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. C. Low, S. Wadsworth, C. Burrells, and C. J. Secombes, “Expression of immune genes in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) fed a nucleotide-supplemented diet,” Aquaculture, vol. 221, no. 1–4, pp. 23–40, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. M. I. Luster, P. P. Simeonova, R. Gallucci, and J. Matheson, “Tumor necrosis factor α and toxicology,” CRC Critical Reviews in Toxicology, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 491–511, 1999. View at Google Scholar
  38. J. K. Chettri, M. K. Raida, L. Holten-Andersen, P. W. Kania, and K. Buchmann, “PAMP induced expression of immune relevant genes in head kidney leukocytes of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss),” Developmental and Comparative Immunology, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 476–482, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. L. Peng, C. Yang, and J. Su, “Protective roles of grass carp Ctenopharyngodon idella Mx isoforms against grass carp reovirus,” PLoS ONE, vol. 7, no. 12, Article ID e52142, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. B. Magnadóttir, “Innate immunity of fish (overview),” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 137–151, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. G.-X. Wang, Y.-T. Liu, F.-Y. Li, H.-T. Gao, Y. Lei, and X.-L. Liu, “Immunostimulatory activities of Bacillus simplex DR-834 to carp (Cyprinus carpio),” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 378–387, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. R. Harikrishnan, C. Balasundaram, and M.-S. Heo, “Effect of probiotics enriched diet on Paralichthys olivaceus infected with lymphocystis disease virus (LCDV),” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 868–874, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. G. Yin, L. Ardó, K. D. Thompson, A. Adams, Z. Jeney, and G. Jeney, “Chinese herbs (Astragalus radix and Ganoderma lucidum) enhance immune response of carp, Cyprinus carpio, and protection against Aeromonas hydrophila,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 140–145, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. S. S. Giri, V. Sukumaran, S. S. Sen, and P. K. Jena, “Effects of dietary supplementation of potential probiotic Bacillus subtilis VSG1 singularly or in combination with Lactobacillus plantarum VSG3 or/and Pseudomonas aeruginosa VSG2 on the growth, immunity and disease resistance of Labeo rohita,” Aquaculture Nutrition, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 163–171, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. S. S. Giri, S. S. Sen, and V. Sukumaran, “Effects of dietary supplementation of potential probiotic Pseudomonas aeruginosa VSG-2 on the innate immunity and disease resistance of tropical freshwater fish, Labeo rohita,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 32, no. 6, pp. 1135–1140, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. Y.-Z. Sun, H.-L. Yang, R.-L. Ma, and W.-Y. Lin, “Probiotic applications of two dominant gut Bacillus strains with antagonistic activity improved the growth performance and immune responses of grouper Epinephelus coioides,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 803–809, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. H. Boshra, J. Li, and J. O. Sunyer, “Recent advances on the complement system of teleost fish,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 239–262, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. S. S. Giri, S. S. Sen, C. Chi et al., “Chlorophytum borivilianum polysaccharide fraction provokes the immune function and disease resistance of Labeo rohita against Aeromonas hydrophila,” Journal of Immunology Research, vol. 2015, Article ID 256510, 10 pages, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  49. S. Bilen, G. Biswas, S. Otsuyama, T. Kono, M. Sakai, and J.-I. Hikima, “Inflammatory responses in the Japanese pufferfish (Takifugu rubripes) head kidney cells stimulated with an inflammasome-inducing agent, nigericin,” Developmental & Comparative Immunology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 222–230, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. S. S. Giri, S. S. Sen, C. Chi et al., “Effect of guava leaves on the growth performance and cytokine gene expression of Labeo rohita and its susceptibility to Aeromonas hydrophila infection,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 46, no. 2, pp. 217–224, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. Y. Zhao, W. Zhang, W. Xu, K. Mai, Y. Zhang, and Z. Liufu, “Effects of potential probiotic Bacillus subtilis T13 on growth, immunity and disease resistance against Vibrio splendidus infection in juvenile sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus,” Fish & Shellfish Immunology, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 750–755, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus