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Journal of Immunology Research
Volume 2016, Article ID 7893490, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/7893490
Research Article

CD63 Promotes Hemocyte-Mediated Phagocytosis in the Clam, Paphia undulata

1Engineering Research Center of Marine Biological Resource Comprehensive Utilization, Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Xiamen 361005, China
2Department of Immunology and Pathogen Biology, Zunyi Medical College, Zhuhai Campus, Zhuhai 519041, China

Received 13 June 2016; Accepted 4 October 2016

Academic Editor: Yunhao Tan

Copyright © 2016 Mingjia Yu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

As one of the surface membrane proteins of tetraspanin family, CD63 plays a crucial role in cellular trafficking and endocytosis, which also is associated with activation of a wide variety of immune cells. Here, the homolog of CD63 was characterized from one marine mollusk, Paphia undulata, which is designated as Pu-CD63. The complete cDNA of Pu-CD63 is 1,738 bp in length with an open reading frame (ORF) of 849 bp, encoding a 282 amino acid protein with four putative hydrophobic transmembrane helixes. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that Pu-CD63 contains one putative YXXØ consensus motif of “110-YVII-113” and one N-glycosylation site “155-NGT-157” within the large extracellular loop (LEL) region, supporting its conserved function in plasma membrane and endosomal/lysosomal trafficking. Moreover, temporal expression profile analysis demonstrates a drastic induction in the expression of CD63 in hemocytes after pathogenic challenge with either V. parahaemolyticus or V. alginolyticus. By performing dsRNA-mediate RNAi knockdowns of CD63, a dramatic reduction in hemocytes phagocytic activity to pathogenic Vibrio is recorded by flow cytometry, revealing the definite role of Pu-CD63 in promoting hemocyte-mediated phagocytosis. Therefore, our work has greatly enhanced our understanding about primitive character of innate immunity in marine mollusk.