Journal of Immunology Research / 2019 / Article / Fig 1

Review Article

Cutting Edge: Probiotics and Fecal Microbiota Transplantation in Immunomodulation

Figure 1

The dual functions of probiotics on the immune system in in vitro and animal experiments. ↑: activity enhanced or quantity increased; ↓: activity reduced or quantity decreased. Immune cell: immune cells on which probiotics directly stimulate. Effects: the immunological effect generated by immune cells stimulated by probiotics, mainly including the regulation on cytokines and the differentiation of related immune cell subpopulations.

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