BCG-Induced Trained Immunity in Healthy Individuals: The Effect of Plasma Muramyl Dipeptide Concentrations
Circulating MDP concentrations are elevated in BCG-vaccinated individuals. (a) Participant characteristics of the study cohort () (BMI = body mass index). (b) MDP concentrations in plasma of participants of which complete data was available, before, two weeks, and three months after BCG vaccination, using icELISA (,,, Wilcoxon signed-rank test). (c) The concentrations of MDP at baseline did not correlate to sex (,, Mann–Whitney U test), age, or BMI (, Spearman correlation).