Journal of Immunology Research

Innate Immune Responses against Human RNA Viruses

Publishing date
01 Feb 2020
Submission deadline
27 Sep 2019

1Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), Buenos Aires, Argentina

2Hospital de Niños “Ricardo Gutiérrez” (HNRG), Buenos Aires, Argentina

3St. Jude Children´s Research Hospital, Memphis, USA

This issue is now closed for submissions.

Innate Immune Responses against Human RNA Viruses

This issue is now closed for submissions.


Human RNA viruses comprise a diverse group of viruses that are of important public health concern worldwide. RNA viruses causing human disease include human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis C virus, dengue virus, yellow fever virus, Zika virus, influenza virus, rhinovirus, respiratory syncytial virus, SARS coronavirus, Ebola virus, poliovirus, measles virus, and rotavirus, among others. Many of these pathogens represent pandemic and/or lethal threats. Therefore, the search for effective and safe vaccines and treatments against these viruses has become of increasing priority in the field.

Understanding the immune mechanisms mounted in viral infections will contribute to the rational design of protective vaccines and therapeutic strategies. The innate immune responses encompass cells and mechanisms that provide the first line of defense against microorganisms; they are rapid and independent of antigen. Furthermore, these responses play a crucial role in the initiation and activation of adaptive immunity. Many viruses have evolved specific strategies to subvert innate immune responses by attenuating sensing and signaling mechanisms at different steps, allowing the viral survival in the host, which in turn causes disease.

This special issue aims to present and discuss new data on innate immune sensing and signaling of human RNA viruses, mechanisms of evasion of innate immune responses by viruses, and rational design of preventive and therapeutic approaches based on innate immune mechanisms. The issue welcomes the submission of original research articles.

Potential topics include but are not limited to the following:

  • Sensing of human RNA viruses by pattern recognition receptors (PRRs): Toll-like receptors, RIG-I-like receptors, and NOD-like receptors
  • Innate immune cells in viral infections: NK cells, macrophages, dendritic cells, mast cells, γδ T cells, neutrophils, eosinophils, and other white blood cells
  • PRR downstream signaling cascade activation mechanisms
  • IFN-I induced antiviral effector and immunomodulatory mechanisms
  • The complement system
  • Apoptosis and autophagy
  • Disruption of innate immune induction and signaling responses by RNA viruses
  • Design of vaccines and immunotherapeutic strategies against RNA virus infections
Journal of Immunology Research
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