Table 1: Patient characteristics.

General characteristicsNo (%), Mean ± SD or Median [IR]

 Male5 (50%)

 Age (years)65 ± 4

 Body Mass Index (kg/m2)29.5 ± 6

 CHA2DS2-VASc2 [2-3]

AF characteristicsNo (%) or Median [IR]

 Paroxysmal AF2 (20)

 Persistent AF7 (70)

 Long-standing persistent AF1 (10)

 Atrial Flutter3 (30)

 AF duration (months)33 [21-94]

EchocardiographyNo (%) or Mean ± SD

 Left ventricular ejection fraction (%)56 ± 8

 LA size (mm), LA volume (mL), LA volume index47 ± 6, 99 ± 22, 50 ± 13

 RA volume (mL)75 ± 31

 Moderate to severe valvular disease0

SD = Standard Deviation, IR= interquartile range, AF = Atrial Fibrillation, OAC = Oral Anticoagulation, LA = Left Atrium, RA = right atrium.