Journal of Interventional Cardiology / 2019 / Article / Tab 1

Clinical Study

Gender-Related Differences in Clinical Characteristics and Outcomes of Premature Coronary Artery Disease: Insight from the FOCUS Registry

Table 1

Baseline characteristics: male versus female.

Variables TotalMaleFemalep value
(n=1397)(n=872)(n=525)

Demographics
 Age (y)51.3 ± 7.047.9 ± 5.257.0 ± 5.7<0.001
 BMI (kg/m2)25.1 ± 3.025.3 ± 2.924.8 ± 3.30.009
Cardiac risk factors
 Obese203 (14.5%)133 (15.3%)70 (13.3%)0.324
 Current smoking590 (42.2%)560 (62.4%)30 (5.7%)<0.001
 Hypertension774 (55.5%)423 (48.5%)351 (67.0%)<0.001
 Hypercholesterolemia391 (28.0%)250 (28.7%)141 (26.9%)0.465
 Diabetes mellitus307 (22.0%)166 (19.0%)141 (26.9%)0.001
Clinical history
 Previous stroke34 (2.4%)17 (1.9%)17 (3.2%)0.130
 Chronic renal failure4 (0.3%)1 (0.1%)3 (0.6%)0.303
 LVEF≤30%7 (0.5%)4 (0.5%)3 (0.6%)1.000
 Family history of CAD104 (7.4%)70 (8.0%)34 (6.5%)0.285
Clinical indication of PCI
 Stable CAD198 (14.2%)115 (13.2%)83 (15.8%)0.174
 ACS1199 (85.8%)757 (86.8%)442 (84.2%)0.174

Values are presented as mean ± SD or n (percentage).
ACS: acute coronary syndromes; BMI: body mass index; CAD: coronary artery disease; LVEF: left ventricular ejection fractions; and PCI: percutaneous coronary intervention.
p≤0.001, p≤0.01, and p≤0.05.

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