Journal of Interventional Cardiology / 2020 / Article / Tab 3

Research Article

Intracardiac Echocardiography as a Guide for Transcatheter Closure of Patent Ductus Arteriosus

Table 3

Comparison between TC-PDA with and without ICE guidance.

With ICE guidance N = 10Without ICE guidance N = 16

Age (years old)35.4–85.0 (62.8)25.1–82.6 (64.1)
Sex (male/female)5/55/11
Body weight (kg)29.0–73.2 (50.7)35.0–76.0 (50.7)
Size of PA side PDA (mm)3.2–11.7 (4.5)2.3–9.0 (3.75)
Pulmonary to systemic flow ratio1.4–2.4 (1.9)1.1–2.9 (1.8)
Mean PA pressure (mmHg)11–64 (18.5)10.0–34.0 (20.0)
PVR (U ⋅ M2)0.7–7.0 (2.1)0.8–4.2 (1.6)
Fluoroscopic time (minutes)35.0–70.7 (49.7)14.0–65.2 (39.0)
Contrast volume (ml/kg)0–2.4 (0.0)1.9–6.6 (3.0)
ComorbiditiesPH 3, AF 2, CKD 2Hypertension 2, AF 1
Hypertension 2 s/p PDA 1, MR 1PH 1, MR 1
s/p TAPVR + res ASD 1Basedow’s disease 1
Epilepsy 1Hypothyroidism 1
Congenital rubella synd. 1
Congenital CMV infection 1
Schizophrenia 1
MedicationsDOAC 3
Antihypertensives 3
Diuretics 3
Anticonvulsant 1
Anti-PH drug 1

versus without ICE guidance. AF, atrial fibrillation; CKD, chronic kidney disease; CMV, cytomegalovirus; DOACs; non-vitamin K antagonist direct oral anticoagulants, ICE, intracardiac echocardiography; MR, mitral regurgitation; PA, pulmonary artery; PDA, patent ductus arteriosus; PH, pulmonary hypertension; PVR, pulmonary vascular resistance; TAPVR, total anomalous pulmonary venous return.

Article of the Year Award: Outstanding research contributions of 2020, as selected by our Chief Editors. Read the winning articles.