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Journal of Marine Biology
Volume 2012, Article ID 492308, 12 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/492308
Research Article

Kelp Forests versus Urchin Barrens: Alternate Stable States and Their Effect on Sea Otter Prey Quality in the Aleutian Islands

1School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 905 N. Koyukuk Drive, 245 O’Neill Building, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA
2Global Undersea Research Unit, University of Alaska Fairbanks, 905 N. Koyukuk Drive, 217 O’Neill Building, Fairbanks, AK 99775, USA

Received 11 August 2011; Revised 28 November 2011; Accepted 29 November 2011

Academic Editor: Andrew McMinn

Copyright © 2012 Nathan L. Stewart and Brenda Konar. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Citations to this Article [7 citations]

The following is the list of published articles that have cited the current article.

  • Eli Rinde, Hartvig Christie, Camilla W. Fagerli, Trine Bekkby, Hege Gundersen, Kjell Magnus Norderhaug, and Dag O. Hjermann, “The Influence of Physical Factors on Kelp and Sea Urchin Distribution in Previously and Still Grazed Areas in the NE Atlantic,” Plos One, vol. 9, no. 6, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Jg Eurich, Rl Selden, and Rr Warner, “California spiny lobster preference for urchins from kelp forests: implications for urchin barren persistence,” Marine Ecology Progress Series, vol. 498, pp. 217–225, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Nathan L. Stewart, Brenda Konar, and M. Tim Tinker, “Testing the nutritional-limitation, predator-avoidance, and storm-avoidance hypotheses for restricted sea otter habitat use in the Aleutian Islands, Alaska,” Oecologia, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Martin Schuster, and Brenda Konar, “Foliose algal assemblages and deforested barren areas: phlorotannin content, sea urchin grazing and holdfast community structure in the Aleutian dragon kelp, Eualaria fistulosa,” Marine Biology, vol. 161, no. 10, pp. 2319–2332, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • William J. Ripple, James A. Estes, Oswald J. Schmitz, Vanessa Constant, Matthew J. Kaylor, Adam Lenz, Jennifer L. Motley, Katharine E. Self, David S. Taylor, and Christopher Wolf, “What is a Trophic Cascade?,” Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Miranda B. Haggerty, Todd W. Anderson, and Jeremy D. Long, “Fish predators reduce kelp frond loss via a trait-mediated trophic cascade,” Ecology, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  • Suryanti Suryanti, Churun Ain, and Nurul Latifah, “Relationships between of Sea Urchins Abundance, Macroalgae and Coral Closure on the Cemara Kecil island,” Journal of Physics: Conference Series, vol. 1025, pp. 012038, 2018. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar