Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Marine Biology
Volume 2017, Article ID 1850928, 7 pages
https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/1850928
Review Article

A Brief Review on the Antioxidants and Antimicrobial Peptides Revealed in Mud Crabs from the Genus of Scylla

1Centre for Pre-University Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
2Faculty of Resource Science and Technology, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia
3School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Health Campus, 16150 Kubang Kerian, Kelantan, Malaysia

Correspondence should be addressed to Wan Roslina Wan Yusof; ym.saminu@anilsorwyw

Received 20 February 2017; Revised 19 April 2017; Accepted 22 May 2017; Published 18 June 2017

Academic Editor: Robert A. Patzner

Copyright © 2017 Wan Roslina Wan Yusof et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. N. Azra and M. Ikhwanuddin, “A review of maturation diets for mud crab genus Scylla broodstock: Present research, problems and future perspective,” Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 23, no. 2, pp. 257–267, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Nurdiani and C. Zeng, “Effects of temperature and salinity on the survival and development of mud crab, Scylla serrata (Forsskål), larvae,” Aquaculture Research, vol. 38, no. 14, pp. 1529–1538, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. C. P. Keenan, P. J. F. Davie, and D. L. Mann, “A revision of the genus Scylla De Haan, 1833 (Crustacean: Decapoda: Branchyura: Portunidae),” The Ruffles Bulletin of Zoology, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 217–245, 1833. View at Google Scholar
  4. M. Ikhwanuddin, G. Azmie, H. M. Juariah, M. Z. Zakaria, and M. A. Ambak, “Biological information and population features of mud crab, genus Scylla from mangrove areas of Sarawak, Malaysia,” Fisheries Research, vol. 108, no. 2-3, pp. 299–306, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. J. Salaenoi, A. Sangcharoen, A. Thongpan, and M. Mingmuang, “Morphology and haemolymph composition changes in red sternum mud crab (Scylla serrata),” Kasetsart Journal-Natural Science, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 158–166, 2006. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. B. Paul, M. H. Faruque, R. N. Mandal, and D. A. Ahsan, “Nutritional susceptibility to morphological, chemical and microbial variability: an investigation on mud crab, Scylla serrata in Bangladesh,” International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 313–319, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  7. F. Yan, Y. L. Zhang, R. P. Jiang et al., “Identification and agglutination properties of hemocyanin from the mud crab (Scylla serrata),” Fish And Shellfish Immunology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 354–360, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. Zheng, Y. Mao, Y. Su, and J. Wang, “Effects of nitrite stress on mRNA expression of antioxidant enzymes, immune-related genes and apoptosis-related proteins in Marsupenaeus japonicus,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 58, pp. 239–252, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. B. Paital and G. B. N. Chainy, “Modulation of expression of SOD isoenzymes in mud crab (Scylla serrata): effects of inhibitors, salinity and season,” Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 195–204, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. J. van Oosterom, S. Codi King, A. Negri, C. Humphrey, and J. Mondon, “Investigation of the mud crab (Scylla serrata) as a potential bio-monitoring species for tropical coastal marine environments of Australia,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 283–290, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. S. D. Rani, R. Kavitha, and M. Padmaja, “Histological and biochemical changes in reproductive organs of mud crab Scylla olivacea (Herbst, 1976) exposed to cadmium nanoparticle,” Journal of Academia and Industrial Research, vol. 2, no. 7, pp. 391–396, 1976. View at Google Scholar
  12. Y. D. Akcay, A. Yalcin, and E. Y. Sozmen, “The effect of melatonin on lipid peroxidation and nitrite/nitrate levels, and on superoxide dismutase and catalase activities in kainic acid-induced injury,” Cellular and Molecular Biology Letters, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 321–329, 2005. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. N. J. H. Raat, S. Shiva, and M. T. Gladwin, “Effects of nitrite on modulating ROS generation following ischemia and reperfusion,” Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, vol. 61, no. 4, pp. 339–350, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. P. Soundarapandian, R. Shyamalendu, and D. Varadharajan, “Antioxidant activity in hard and soft shell crabs of Charybdis lucifera (Fabricius, 1798),” Journal of Aquaculture Research and Development, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 1–5, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. A. Jazayeri, “The importance of antioxidants with the marine origin in inhibit free radicals,” Life Science Journal, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 1128–1132, 2012. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Arockiaraj, S. Easwvaran, P. Vanaraja, A. Singh, R. Y. Othman, and S. Bhassu, “Molecular cloning, characterization and gene expression of an antioxidant enzyme catalase (MrCat) from Macrobrachium rosenbergii,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 32, no. 5, pp. 670–682, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. C. H. Liu, M. C. Tseng, and W. Cheng, “Identification and cloning of the antioxidant enzyme, glutathione peroxidase, of white shrimp, Litopenaeus vannamei, and its expression following Vibrio alginolyticus infection,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 34–45, 2007. View at Google Scholar
  18. H. P. Liu, F. Y. Chen, S. Gopalakrishnan, K. Qiao, J. Bo, and K. J. Wang, “Antioxidant enzymes from the crab Scylla paramamosain: gene cloning and gene/protein expression profiles against LPS challenge,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 28, no. 5-6, pp. 862–871, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. E. R. Priya, S. Ravichandran, and P. Jawaharlal, “Antimicrobial and antioxidant properties proteins from the crab Liagore rubromaculata,” World Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 533–541, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  20. Y. Duan, Y. Zhang, H. Dong, and J. Zhang, “Effect of desiccation on oxidative stress and antioxidant response of the black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 58, pp. 10–17, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. M. Sujeetha, S. Sharmila, J. Jayanthi, and M. Ragunathan, “Antioxidant property of some extracts derived from the mud crab, genus scylla serrata,” International Journal of Phytopharmacology, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 111–113, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  22. F. Shahidi and Y. Zhong, “Measurement of antioxidant activity,” Journal of Functional Foods, vol. 18, pp. 757–781, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Salaenoi, P. Srimeetian, and M. Mingmuang, “Variations of catalase and glutathione activities in molting cycle of mud crab (Scylla serrata),” Kasetsart Journal - Natural Science, vol. 48, no. 1, pp. 64–71, 2014. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. Fu, Z. Zou, S. Liu, P. Lin, Y. Wang, and Z. Zhang, “Selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidase gene expression during gonad development and its response to LPS and H2O2 challenge in Scylla paramamosain,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 532–542, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. G. Singaram, T. Harikrishnan, F.-Y. Chen, J. Bo, and J. P. Giesy, “Modulation of immune-associated parameters and antioxidant responses in the crab (Scylla serrata) exposed to mercury,” Chemosphere, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 917–928, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. K. Boudjema, S. Kourdali, N. Bounakous, A. Meknachi, and A. Badis, “Catalase activity in brown mussels (Perna perna) under acute cadmium, lead, and copper exposure and depuration tests,” Journal of Marine Biology, vol. 2014, Article ID 830657, 9 pages, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. K. Vijayavel, R. D. Gomathi, K. Durgabhavani, and M. P. Balasubramanian, “Sublethal effect of naphthalene on lipid peroxidation and antioxidant status in the edible marine crab Scylla serrata,” Marine Pollution Bulletin, vol. 48, no. 5-6, pp. 429–433, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. Z. Limam, S. Selmi, S. Sadok, and A. El Abed, “Extraction and characterization of chitin and chitosan from crustacean by-products: biological and physicochemical properties,” African Journal of Biotechnology, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 640–647, 2011. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. M. T. Yen, J. H. Yang, and J. L. Mau, “Antioxidant properties of chitosan from crab shells,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 74, no. 4, pp. 840–844, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. N. M. Sarbon, S. Sandanamsamy, S. F. S. Kamaruzaman, and F. Ahmad, “Chitosan extracted from mud crab (Scylla olivicea) shells: Physicochemical and antioxidant properties,” Journal of Food Science and Technology, vol. 52, no. 7, pp. 4266–4275, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. T. M. Tamer, K. Valachová, M. S. Mohyeldin, and L. Soltes, “Free radical scavenger activity of chitosan and its aminated derivative,” Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 195–201, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. N. Thirunavukkarasu and A. Shanmugam, “Extraction of chitin and chitosan from mud crab scylla tranquebarica (Fabricius, 1798),” International Journal on Applied Bio-Engineering, vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 31–33, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  33. K. J. Wang, W. S. Huang, M. Yang, J. J. Cai, S. J. Li, and G. Z. Wang, “Purification and part characterization of a novel antibacterial protein Scygonadin, isolated from the seminal plasma of mud crab, Scylla serrata (Forskål, 1775),” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 339, no. 1, pp. 37–42, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. C. Imjongjirak, P. Amparyup, A. Tassanakajon, and S. Sittipraneed, “Antilipopolysaccharide factor (ALF) of mud crab Scylla paramamosain: molecular cloning, genomic organization and the antimicrobial activity of its synthetic LPS binding domain,” Molecular Immunology, vol. 44, no. 12, pp. 3195–3203, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. C. Imjongjirak, P. Amparyup, A. Tassanakajon, and S. Sittipraneed, “Molecular cloning and characterization of crustin from mud crab Scylla paramamosain,” Molecular Biology Reports, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 841–850, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. R. D. Yedery and K. V. R. Reddy, “Purification and characterization of antibacterial proteins from granular hemocytes of Indian mud crab, Scylla serrata,” Acta Biochimica Polonica, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 71–82, 2009. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. V. V. Afsal, S. P. Antony, N. Sathyan, and R. Philip, “Molecular characterization and phylogenetic analysis of two antimicrobial peptides: anti-lipopolysaccharide factor and crustin from the brown mud crab, Scylla serrata,” Results in Immunology, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 6–10, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. C. Imjongjirak, P. Amparyup, and A. Tassanakajon, “Two novel antimicrobial peptides, arasin-likeSp and GRPSp, from the mud crab Scylla paramamosain, exhibit the activity against some crustacean pathogenic bacteria,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 706–712, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. H. P. Liu, R. Chen, Q. X. Zhang, and K. J. Wang, “Characterization of two isoforms of antilipopolysacchride factors (Sp-ALFs) from the mud crab Scylla paramamosain,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 33, no. 1, p. 10, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  40. L. Zhu, J. F. Lan, Y. Q. Huang et al., “SpALF4: a newly identified anti-lipopolysaccharide factor from the mud crab Scylla paramamosain with broad spectrum antimicrobial activity,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 172–180, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. W. Sun, W. Wan, S. Zhu et al., “Characterization of a novel anti-lipopolysaccharide factor isoform (SpALF5) in mud crab, Scylla paramamosain,” Molecular Immunology, vol. 64, no. 2, pp. 262–275, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. M. Velayutham and A. Munusamy, “Humoral immune responses of antibacterial hemocyanin (Ab-Hcy) in mud crab, Scylla serrata,” Aquaculture, vol. 464, pp. 428–433, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  43. B. Chen, D. Q. Fan, K. X. Zhu et al., “Mechanism study on a new antimicrobial peptide Sphistin derived from the N-terminus of crab histone H2A identified in haemolymphs of Scylla paramamosain,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 47, no. 2, pp. 833–846, 2015. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. K. Qiao, W. F. Xu, Y. Q. Zhang et al., “A new antimicrobial peptide SCY2 identified in Scylla paramamosain exerting a potential role of reproductive immunity,” Fish and Shellfish Immunology, vol. 51, pp. 251–262, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  45. Z. Shan, K. Zhu, H. Peng et al., “The new antimicrobial peptide sphyastatin from the mud crab Scylla paramamosain with multiple antimicrobial mechanisms and high effect on bacterial infection,” Frontiers in Microbiology, vol. 7, article no. 1140, 2016. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. T. Nakamura, H. Furunaka, T. Miyata et al., “Tachyplesin, a class of antimicrobial peptide from the hemocytes of the horseshoe crab (Tachypleus tridentatus). Isolation and chemical structure,” Journal of Biological Chemistry, vol. 263, no. 32, pp. 16709–16713, 1988. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. A. Pandey, M. Naik, and S. K. Dubey, “Hemolysin, protease, and EPS producing pathogenic Aeromonas hydrophila strain An4 shows antibacterial activity against marine bacterial fish pathogens,” Journal of Marine Biology, vol. 2010, pp. 1–9, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  48. A. A. Prakash, S. Balasubramanian, G. Gunasekaran, M. Prakash, and P. Senthil Raja, “Control of clinical pathogens by the haemolymph of Paratelphusa hydrodromous, a freshwater crab,” ISRN Pharmacology, vol. 2011, pp. 1–4, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  49. D. Schnapp, G. D. Kemp, and V. J. Smith, “Purification and characterization of a proline-rich antibacterial peptide, with sequence similarity to bactenecin-7, from the haemocytes of the shore crab, Carcinus maenas,” European Journal of Biochemistry, vol. 240, no. 3, pp. 532–539, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  50. P. Sivaperumal, K. Kamala, E. Natarajan, and E. Dilipan, “Antimicrobial Peptide from crab hemolymph of Ocypoda macrocera (Milne Edwards 1852) with reference to antioxidant: A case study,” International Journal of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 672–680, 2013. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  51. S. V. Sperstad, T. Haug, H.-M. Blencke, O. B. Styrvold, C. Li, and K. Stensvåg, “Antimicrobial peptides from marine invertebrates: challenges and perspectives in marine antimicrobial peptide discovery,” Biotechnology Advances, vol. 29, no. 5, pp. 519–530, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  52. M. I. Hoq, M. U. Seraj, and S. Chowdhury, “Isolation and characterization of antibacterial peptides from the mud crab, Scylla serrata,” Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, vol. 6, no. 15, pp. 1345–1353, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  53. W. S. Fredrick and S. Ravichandran, “Hemolymph proteins in marine crustaceans,” Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 496–502, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  54. V. Jayasankar and T. Subramoniam, “Antibacterial activity of seminal plasma of the mud crab Scylla serrata (Forskal),” Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol. 236, no. 2, pp. 253–259, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  55. K. Ramalingam, U. D. Bharathi Rajan, R. Karthik, and R. Muthezhilan, “Antibacterial effectiveness of hemolymph serum of Scylla tranquebarica inoculated by Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 27853,” International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 43–45, 2015. View at Google Scholar
  56. K. J. Wang, W. S. Huang, M. Yang et al., “A male-specific expression gene, encodes a novel anionic antimicrobial peptide, scygonadin, in Scylla serrata,” Molecular immunology, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 1961–1968, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus