Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2006, Article ID 58648, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/JNM/2006/58648

Microstructure and Thermomechanical Properties of Polyimide-Silica Nanocomposites

Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Kuwait University, P.O. Box 5969, Safat 13060, Kuwait

Received 13 February 2006; Revised 15 June 2006; Accepted 13 November 2006

Copyright © 2006 A. Al Arbash et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Biswas and S. S. Ray, “Recent progress in synthesis and evaluation of polymer-montmorrillonite nanocomposites,” in New Polymerization Techniques and Synthetic Methodologies, vol. 155 of Advances in Polymer Science, pp. 167–221, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  2. D. Schmidt, D. Shah, and E. P. Giannelis, “New advances in polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites,” Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, vol. 6, no. 3, pp. 205–212, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. E. T. Thostenson, Z. Ren, and T.-W. Chou, “Advances in the science and technology of carbon nanotubes and their composites: a review,” Composites Science and Technology, vol. 61, no. 13, pp. 1899–1912, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. A. K.-T. Lau and D. Hui, “The revolutionary creation of new advanced materials—carbon nanotube composites,” Composites Part B: Engineering, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 263–277, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. U. Schubert, N. Hüsing, and A. Lorenz, “Hybrid inorganic-organic materials by sol-gel processing of organofunctional metal alkoxides,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 7, no. 11, pp. 2010–2027, 1995. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. Z. L. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Zhang, Eds., Handbook of Nanophase and Nanostructured Materials Vol. 4: Materials Systems and Applications, Kluwer Academic/Plenum, New York, NY, USA, 2003.
  7. C. J. Brinker, Ed., Better Ceramics through Chemistry III, Materials Research Society, Warrendale, Pa, USA, 1988.
  8. C. J. Brinker and G. W. Scherer, Eds., Sol-Gel Science: The Physics and Chemistry of Sol-Gel Processing, Academic Press, New York, NY, USA, 1990.
  9. Z. Ahmad, “Ceramic-modified high temperature polymers,” in The Encyclopedia of Materials; Science and Technology, K. H. J. Buschow, Ed., pp. 1086–1090, Elsevier Science, New York, NY, USA, 2001. View at Google Scholar
  10. Z. Ahmad and J. E. Mark, “Biomimetic materials: recent developments in organic-inorganic hybrids,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 6, no. 2-3, pp. 183–196, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. K. L. Mittel, Ed., Polyimides and Other High Temperature Polymers. Vol. 2, VSP, Leiden, The Netherlands, 2003.
  12. Z. Ahmad and J. E. Mark, “Polyimide-ceramic hybrid composites by the sol-gel route,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 13, no. 10, pp. 3320–3330, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. S. Wang, Z. Ahmad, and J. E. Mark, “Polyimide-silica hybrid materials having interfacial bonding through use of a sol-gel technique,” Macromolecular Reports, vol. A31, supplements 3&4, pp. 411–419, 1994. View at Google Scholar
  14. S. Wang, Z. Ahmad, and J. E. Mark, “Polyimide-silica hybrid materials modified by incorporation of an organically substituted alkoxysilane,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 943–946, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. J. C. Schrotter, M. Smaïhi, and C. Guizard, “Polyimide-siloxane hybrid materials: influence of coupling agents addition on microstructure and properties,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 2137–2149, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. Y. Chen and J. O. Iroh, “Synthesis and characterization of polyimide/silica hybrid composites,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 11, no. 5, pp. 1218–1222, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. C. Xenopoulos, L. Mascia, and S. J. Shaw, “Variables analysis in the gelation of alkoxysilane solutions for the production of polyimide-silica hybrids,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 6, no. 2-3, pp. 99–114, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. P. Musto, G. Ragosta, G. Scarinzi, and L. Mascia, “Polyimide-silica nanocomposites: spectroscopic, morphological and mechanical investigations,” Polymer, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 1697–1706, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. C.-C. Chang, K.-H. Wei, Y.-L. Chang, and W.-C. Chen, “Synthesis and optical properties of poly(BPDA-ODA)/silica hybrid thin films,” Journal of Polymer Research, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 1–6, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. A. Al Arbash, F. Al-Sagheer, A. A. M. Ali, and Z. Ahmad, “Thermal and mechanical properties of poly(hydroxy-imide)-silica nanocomposites,” International Journal of Polymeric Materials, vol. 55, no. 2, pp. 103–120, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. F. Al-Sagheer, A. A. M. Ali, S. Muslim, and Z. Ahmad, “Thermal and mechanical properties of chemically bonded aramid-silica nano-composites,” Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 111–118, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. C.-P. Yang and J.-H. Lin, “Syntheses and properties of aromatic polyamides and polyimides based on N-phenyl-3,3-bis[4-(p-aminophenoxy)phenyl]phthalimidine,” Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 369–382, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. Sh. Al-Kandary, A. A. M. Ali, and Z. Ahmad, “Morphology and thermo-mechanical properties of compatibilized polyimide-silica nanocomposites,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 98, no. 6, pp. 2521–2531, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. K. Yano, A. Usuki, A. Okada, T. Kurauchi, and O. Kamigaito, “Synthesis and properties of polyimide-clay hybrid,” Journal of Polymer Science, Part A: Polymer Chemistry, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 2493–2498, 1993. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. R. E. Southward, D. S. Thompson, T. A. Thornton, D. W. Thompson, and A. K. St. Clair, “Enhancement of dimensional stability in soluble fluorinated polyimides via the in situ formation of lanthanum(III)-oxo-polyimide nanocomposites,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 486–494, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar