Influence of Graphene Oxide on Interfacial Transition Zone of MortarRead the full article
Journal of Nanomaterials publishes research on nanoscale and nanostructured materials with an emphasis on synthesis, processing, characterization, and the applications of nanomaterials.
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Ion-Exchanged ZIF-67 Synthesized by One-Step Method for Enhancement of CO2 Adsorption
Li+- and Na+-exchanged ZIF-67 was synthesized by a new one-step method of ion as-exchange technique and tested as CO2 adsorbents. As a comparison, the standard ion-exchange procedure was also carried out. The powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electronic microscope (SEM), particle size analyzer (PSD), and thermal gravimetry analysis (TGA) were used to investigate the effect of ion-exchange techniques on the structure of the materials. CO2 uptake of ZIF-67 ion exchanged by one-step method is much higher than that by the standard ion-exchange procedure. All of the adsorption isotherms show linear patterns with stable adsorption rate from 0 bar to 1 bar, which reveals the materials could get excellent adsorption performance at higher pressure range (>1 bar). Elemental analysis, N2 physical adsorption, and the point of zero charge (PZC) were carried out to confirm the adsorption mechanism. van der Waals interaction determined by the surface area and coordination interaction resulting from electrostatic interaction work in synergy to enhance CO2 adsorption performance of ZIF-67 ion exchanged by the one-step method.
Enhanced Cell Proliferation and Osteogenesis Differentiation through a Combined Treatment of Poly-L-Lysine-Coated PLGA/Graphene Oxide Hybrid Fiber Matrices and Electrical Stimulation
Bone tissue engineering scaffold provides an effective treatment for bone defect repair. Biodegradable bone scaffold made of various synthetic and natural materials can be used as bone substitutes and grafts for defect site, which has great potential to support bone regeneration. Regulation of cell-scaffold material interactions is an important factor for modulating the cellular activity in bone tissue engineering scaffold applications. Thus, the hydrophilic, mechanical, and chemical properties of scaffold materials directly affect the results of bone regeneration and functional recovery. In this study, a poly-L-lysine (PLL) surface-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA)/graphene oxide (GO) (PLL-PLGA/GO) hybrid fiber matrix was fabricated for bone tissue regeneration. Characterization of the resultant hybrid fiber matrices was done using scanning electron microscopy (SEM), contact angle, and a material testing machine. According to the results obtained from the test above, the PLL-PLGA/GO hybrid fiber matrices exhibited high wettability and mechanical strength. The special surface characteristics of PLL-PLGA/GO hybrid fiber matrices were more beneficial for protein adsorption and inhibit the proliferation of pathogens. Moreover, the enhanced regulation of MC3T3-E1 cell proliferation and differentiation was observed, when the resultant hybrid fiber matrices were combined with electrical stimulation (ES). The cellular response of MC3T3-E1 cells including cell adhesion, proliferation, alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity, calcium deposition, and osteogenesis-related gene expression was significantly enhanced with the synergistic effect of resultant hybrid fiber matrices and ES. These data indicate that the PLL-PLGA/GO hybrid fiber matrices supported the cellular response in terms of cell proliferation and osteogenesis differentiation in the presence of electrical stimulation, which could be a potential treatment for bone defect.
Graphene Oxide/Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Membranes for CO2 and N2 Separation from Blast Furnace Gas
A novel molecular sieve membrane was synthesized using graphene oxide/single-walled carbon nanotubes (GO/SWCNTs). The composite was characterized by transmission electron microscopy, field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and Brunauer–Emmett–Teller-specific surface area analyzers. The results revealed that laminar GO was interwoven with tubular SWCNTs and the carbon nanotubes were attached onto the surface of GO or interspersed among GO to form a three-dimensional structure. Moreover, the interlayer spacing of GO/SWCNTs increased to 0.826 nm. On condition that the inlet pressure of N2 was 0.10 MPa and the temperature was 323 K, the N2 permeability of GO/SWCNTs was 1595 Barrer. With increasing temperature, the N2 permeability decreased while it increased with the inlet pressure. When the inlet pressure of CO was 0.10 MPa and the temperature was 323 K, the CO permeability was 109 Barrer. At the temperature of 323 K, the selectivities of N2/CO and CO2/CO were 32.8 and 37, respectively. These results indicated that GO/SWCNTs may be a promising molecular sieve for gas separation.
Synergistic Antifungal Activity of Green Synthesized Silver Nanoparticles and Epoxiconazole against Setosphaeria turcica
It is urgent to develop highly efficient and eco-friendly antimicrobial agents for integrated control of phytopathogens. Silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) were synthesized by Ligustrum lucidum leaf extract. UV-vis spectrum showed that there was a strong absorbance at 438 nm. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images displayed that synthesized nanoparticles were near spherical with an average size of 13 nm. The antimicrobial effect of AgNPs was evaluated through methods of paper disk diffusion, colony growth, conidia germination, and in vitro inoculation. The 50% inhibition concentration (IC50) of AgNPs against Setosphaeria turcica was 170.20 μg/mL calculated by SPSS 13.0. In addition, it displayed a significant synergistic antifungal effect when AgNPs were combined with epoxiconazole at the ratios of 8 : 2 and 9 : 1. The results of this study provide a novel fungistat not only for comprehensive control of plant fungi but also for reducing chemical pesticides use and avoiding drug-resistant phytopathogen generation.
Development and Adsorption Characterization of Metal Affinity-Immobilized Magnetic Liposome
A metal affinity-immobilized magnetic liposome (MA-IML) was prepared in this research, which was with lipid and Ni2+ content of 143.25 μg/mg and 32 μmol/mg, respectively. The antihypertensive peptides Ile-Pro-Pro (IPP) and Val-Pro-Pro (VPP) could be adsorbed onto MA-IML under specific conditions, and the adsorption kinetics was explored. The pseudo-second-order kinetics () was more suitable to describe the adsorption process of IPP and VPP than the intraparticle diffusion model and pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The results indicated that MA-IML could be used as an adsorbent for screening antihypertensive peptides from natural products.
A Facile Microwave-Assisted Hydrothermal Synthesis of Graphene Quantum Dots for Organic Solar Cell Efficiency Improvement
Carbon-based nanomaterials have successively remained at the forefront of different research fields and applications for years. Understanding of low-dimension carbon material family (CNT, fullerenes, graphene, and graphene quantum dots) has arrived at a certain extension. In this report, graphene quantum dots were synthesized from graphene oxide with a microwave-assisted hydrothermal method. Compared with conventional time-consuming hydrothermal routes, this novel method requires a much shorter time, around ten minutes. Successful formation of quantum dots derived from graphene sheets was verified with microscopic and spectroscopic characterization. Nanoparticles present a diameter of about 2-8 nm, blue emission under ultraviolet excitation, and good dispersion in polar solvents and can be collected in powder form. The synthesized graphene quantum dots were utilized as a hole transport layer in organic solar cells to enhance the cell quantum efficiency. Such quantum dots possess energy levels (Ec and Ev) relevant to HOMO and LUMO levels of conductive polymers. Mixing P3HT:PCBM polymer and graphene quantum dots of sufficient extent notably helps reduce potential difference at interfaces of the two materials. Overall efficiency consequently advances to 1.43%, an increase of more than 44% compared with pristine cells (0.99%).