Journal of Nanomaterials

Journal of Nanomaterials / 2007 / Article
Special Issue

Luminescent Nanomaterials

View this Special Issue

Research Article | Open Access

Volume 2007 |Article ID 094975 | https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/94975

Daniele Falcomer, Adolfo Speghini, Giulio Ibba, Stefano Enzo, Carla Cannas, Anna Musinu, Marco Bettinelli, "Morphology and Luminescence of Nanocrystalline Nb2O5 Doped with Eu3+", Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2007, Article ID 094975, 5 pages, 2007. https://doi.org/10.1155/2007/94975

Morphology and Luminescence of Nanocrystalline Nb2O5 Doped with Eu3+

Academic Editor: Wieslaw Strek
Received12 Mar 2007
Accepted04 Jun 2007
Published10 Jul 2007

Abstract

The synthesis of nanocrystalline Nb2O5:Eu3+ has been achieved by using a Pechini procedure. The obtained materials are single-phase niobia with the orthorhombic structure, average crystallite size around 25 nm and average lattice strain of about 0.002. TEM images show that the particles are rectangular and reasonably isolated. The luminescence of the Eu3+ ions in the niobia lattice is efficient and affected by a strong inhomogeneous broadening, due to an important disorder around the lanthanide ions.

References

  1. D. Hreniak, W. Strek, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, G. Boulon, and Y. Guyot, “Infrared induced red luminescence of Eu3+-doped polycrystalline LiNbO3,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 88, Article ID 161118, 3 pages, 2006. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  2. T. Imai, S. Yagi, H. Yamazaki, and M. Ono, “Effects of heat treatment on photorefractive sensitivity of Ce- and Eu-doped strontium barium niobate,” Japanese Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 38, no. 4A, part 1, pp. 1984–1988, 1999. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  3. M. O. Ramírez, D. Jaque, L. E. Bausá, J. García-Solé, and A. A. Kaminskii, “Coherent light generation from a Nd:SBN nonlinear laser crystal through its ferroelectric phase transition,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 95, no. 26, Article ID 267401, 4 pages, 2005. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  4. A. Yoshikawa, H. Itagaki, and T. Fukuda et al., “Synthesis, crystal growth and second harmonic generation properties of trivalent rare-earth-doped non-linear tungsten-bronze-type structure Ba2Na1-3xRExNb5O15 (RE = Sc, Y, La, Gd, Yb and Lu),” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 247, no. 1-2, pp. 148–156, 2003. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  5. A. Lorenzo, H. Jaffrezic, B. Roux, G. Boulon, and J. García-Solé, “Lattice location of rare-earth ions in LiNbO3,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 67, no. 25, pp. 3735–3737, 1995. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  6. M. Bettinelli, A. Speghini, and A. Ródenas et al., “Luminescence of lanthanide ions in strontium barium niobate,” Journal of Luminescence, vol. 122-123, pp. 307–310, 2007. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  7. M. O. Ramirez, L. E. Bausá, A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, L. Ivleva, and J. García-Solé, “Thermal hysteresis in the luminescence of Yb3+ ions in Sr0.6Ba0.4Nb2O6,” Physical Review B, vol. 73, no. 3, Article ID 035119, 8 pages, 2006. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  8. O. Friedrichs, J. C. Sánchez-López, C. López-Cartes, T. Klassen, R. Bormann, and A. Fernández, “Nb2O5 “pathway effect” on hydrogen sorption in Mg,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 110, no. 15, pp. 7845–7850, 2006. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  9. T. Hyodo, J. Ohoka, Y. Shimizu, and M. Egashira, “Design of anodically oxidized Nb2O5 films as a diode-type H2 sensing material,” Sensors and Actuators B, vol. 117, no. 2, pp. 359–366, 2006. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  10. M. Kakihana, ““Sol-gel” preparation of high temperature superconducting oxides,” Journal of Sol-Gel Science and Technology, vol. 6, no. 1, pp. 7–55, 1996. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  11. H. M. Rietveld, “Line profiles of neutron powder-diffraction peaks for structure refinement,” Acta Crystallographica, vol. 22, part 1, pp. 151–152, 1967. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  12. L. Lutterotti and S. Gialanella, “X-ray diffraction characterization of heavily deformed metallic specimens,” Acta Materialia, vol. 46, no. 1, pp. 101–110, 1998. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  13. K. Kato and S. Tamura, “Die Kristallstruktur von TNb2O5,” Acta Crystallographica B, vol. 31, part 3, pp. 673–677, 1975. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  14. W. Mertin, S. Andersson, and R. Gruehn, “Über die Kristallstruktur von MNb2O5,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 1, no. 3-4, pp. 419–424, 1970. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  15. K. Kato, “Structure refinement of HNb2O5,” Acta Crystallographica B, vol. 32, part 3, pp. 764–767, 1976. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  16. N. Pinna, M. Antonietti, and M. Niederberger, “A novel nonaqueous route to V2O3 and Nb2O5 nanocrystals,” Colloids and Surfaces A, vol. 250, no. 1–3, pp. 211–213, 2004. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  17. R. Brayner and F. Bozon-Verduraz, “Niobium pentoxide prepared by soft chemical routes: morphology, structure, defects and quantum size effect,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 5, no. 7, pp. 1457–1466, 2003. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  18. M. Daldosso, A. Speghini, and P. Ghigna et al., “Lanthanide doped strontium barium niobate: optical spectroscopy and local structure at the impurity sites,” to appear in Journal of Alloys and Compounds. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  19. http://www.webelements.com/.
  20. R. Reisfeld, E. Zigansky, and M. Gaft, “Europium probe for estimation of site symmetry in glass films, glasses and crystals,” Molecular Physics, vol. 102, no. 11-12, pp. 1319–1330, 2004. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  21. E. Nakazawa, “Fundamentals of luminescence,” in Phosphor Handbook, S. Shionoya and W. M. Yen, Eds., p. 104, CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla, USA, 1999. View at: Google Scholar
  22. M. H. V. Werts, R. T. F. Jukes, and J. W. Verhoeven, “The emission spectrum and the radiative lifetime of Eu3+ in luminescent lanthanide complexes,” Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 1542–1548, 2002. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  23. K. Kukli, M. Ritala, M. Leskelä, and R. Lappalainen, “Niobium oxide thin films grown by atomic layer epitaxy,” Chemical Vapor Deposition, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 29–34, 1998. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  24. R. Romero, J. R. Ramos-Barrado, F. Martin, and D. Leinen, “Nb2O5 thin films obtained by chemical spray pyrolysis,” Surface and Interface Analysis, vol. 36, no. 8, pp. 888–891, 2004. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  25. R. S. Meltzer, S. P. Feofilov, B. Tissue, and H. B. Yuan, “Dependence of fluorescence lifetimes of Y2O3:Eu3+ nanoparticles on the surrounding medium,” Physical Review B, vol. 60, no. 20, pp. R14012–R14015, 1999. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar
  26. A. Speghini, M. Bettinelli, P. Riello, S. Bucella, and A. Benedetti, “Preparation, structural characterization, and luminescence properties of Eu3+-doped nanocrystalline ZrO2,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 20, no. 10, pp. 2780–2791, 2005. View at: Publisher Site | Google Scholar

Copyright © 2007 Daniele Falcomer et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


More related articles

 PDF Download Citation Citation
 Order printed copiesOrder
Views226
Downloads926
Citations

Related articles