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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2009, Article ID 325769, 7 pages
Research Article

Processing and Structure of Carbon Nanofiber Paper

1Department of Mechanical, Materials and Aerospace Engineering, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL 32816, USA
2Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of South Alabama, Mobile, AL 36688, USA

Received 3 November 2008; Accepted 24 February 2009

Academic Editor: Alan K. T. Lau

Copyright © 2009 Zhongfu Zhao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


A unique concept of making nanocomposites from carbon nanofiber paper was explored in this study. The essential element of this method was to design and manufacture carbon nanofiber paper with well-controlled and optimized network structure of carbon nanofibers. In this study, carbon nanofiber paper was prepared under various processing conditions, including different types of carbon nanofibers, solvents, dispersants, and acid treatment. The morphologies of carbon nanofibers within the nanofiber paper were characterized with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). In addition, the bulk densities of carbon nanofiber papers were measured. It was found that the densities and network structures of carbon nanofiber paper correlated to the dispersion quality of carbon nanofibers within the paper, which was significantly affected by papermaking process conditions.