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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2009, Article ID 436375, 14 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/436375
Review Article

Fabrication of One-Dimensional Organic Nanostructures Using Anodic Aluminum Oxide Templates

1Department of Basic Sciences, King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences-National Guard Health Affairs, Building Mail Code 3124, Riyadh 11423, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Chemistry, American University of Beirut, Beirut 110236, Lebanon
3Departamento de Química, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, 08193 Bellaterra, Barcelona, Spain

Received 11 December 2008; Accepted 1 February 2009

Academic Editor: Zhi-Li Xiao

Copyright © 2009 Rabih O. Al-Kaysi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Organic nanostructures are new comers to the fields of nanoscience and nanotechnology. In recent years novel methods for controlling the growth and uniformity of one-dimensional (1D) organic nanostructures (nanowires and nanotubes) have been developing. The use of hard templates as molds for the formation of organic nanowires or nanotubes seems to be a reliable and convenient method. In this review we will discuss the use of anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates as the inorganic hard template of choice. We will briefly survey advances in the fabrication of 1D polymer nanostructures using AAO templates, while the bulk of the review will focus on the synthesis of small molecule nanowires, nanotubes, and nanorods. We will also discuss unique properties of some highly crystalline small molecule nanorods fabricated using AAO templates.