Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2009 (2009), Article ID 940462, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2009/940462
Research Article

Synthesis and Characterization of Birnessite and Cryptomelane Nanostructures in Presence of Hoffmeister Anions

1Department of Natural Sciences, University of Maryland Eastern Shore, Princess Anne, MD 21853, USA
2Department of Chemistry, Rocky Mountain College, 1511 Poly Drive, Billings, MT 59102, USA
3Department of Aerospace Engineering Sciences, University of Colorado at Boulder, 429 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309, USA
4Department of Chemistry, University of Nevada Las Vegas, 4505 Maryland Parkway, Box 454003, Las Vegas, NV 89154-4003, USA
5Department of Aerospace Engineering, Old Dominion University, ECSB 1309, Elkhorn Ave, Norfolk, VA 23529-0247, USA

Received 19 November 2008; Accepted 16 March 2009

Academic Editor: Sherine Obare

Copyright © 2009 Marcos A. Cheney et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. I. Djerdj, D. Arčon, Z. Jagličić, and M. Niederberger, “Nonaqueous synthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles: short review and doped titanium dioxide as case study for the preparation of transition metal-doped oxide nanoparticles,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 181, no. 7, pp. 1571–1581, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. A. R. Armstrong and P. G. Bruce, “Synthesis of layered LiMnO2 as an electrode for rechargeable lithium batteries,” Nature, vol. 381, no. 6582, pp. 499–500, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  3. S. L. Brock, N. Duan, Z. R. Tian, O. Giraldo, H. Zhou, and S. L. Suib, “A review of porous manganese oxide materials,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 2619–2628, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  4. Q. Feng, H. Kanoh, and K. Ooi, “Manganese oxide porous crystals,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 319–333, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. R. Ma, Y. Bando, L. Zhang, and T. Sasaki, “Layered MnO2 nanobelts: hydrothermal synthesis and electrochemical measurements,” Advanced Materials, vol. 16, no. 11, pp. 918–922, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  6. C. Calvert, R. Joesten, K. Ngala et al., “Synthesis, characterization, and rietveld refinement of tungsten-framework-doped porous manganese oxide (K-OMS-2) material,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 20, no. 20, pp. 6382–6388, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. R. M. McKenzie, “The synthesis of birnessite, cryptomelane, and some other oxides and hydroxides of manganese,” Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 38, pp. 493–502, 1971. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. D. C. Golden, C. C. Chen, and J. B. Dixon, “Synthesis of todorokite,” Science, vol. 231, no. 4739, pp. 717–719, 1986. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  9. J. Luo and S. L. Suib, “Formation and transformation of mesoporous and layered manganese oxides in the presence of long-chain ammonium hydroxides,” Chemical Communications, no. 11, pp. 1031–1032, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. J. Cai, J. Liu, and S. L. Suib, “Preparative parameters and framework dopant effects in the synthesis of layer-structure birnessite by air oxidation,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 14, no. 5, pp. 2071–2077, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. T. D. Xiao, E. R. Strutt, M. Benaissa, H. Chen, and B. H. Kear, “Synthesis of high active-site density nanofibrous MnO2-base materials with enhanced permeabilities,” Nanostructured Materials, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 1051–1061, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. Y. Xiong, Y. Xie, Z. Li, and C. Wu, “Growth of well-aligned γ-MnO2 monocrystalline nanowires through a coordination-polymer-precursor route,” Chemistry: A European Journal, vol. 9, no. 7, pp. 1645–1651, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at PubMed
  13. X. Wang and Y. Li, “Selected-control hydrothermal synthesis of α- and β-MnO2 single crystal nanowires,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 124, no. 12, pp. 2880–2881, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. M. A. Cheney, P. K. Bhowmik, S. Moriuchi, M. Villalobos, S. Qian, and S. W. Joo, “The effect of stirring on the morphology of birnessite nanoparticles,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2008, Article ID 168716, 9 pages, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. S. Komaba, A. Ogata, and T. Tsuchikawa, “Enhanced supercapacitive behaviors of birnessite,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 10, no. 10, pp. 1435–1437, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. L. Athouël, F. Moser, R. Dugas, O. Crosnier, D. Bélanger, and T. Brousse, “Variation of the MnO2 birnessite structure upon charge/discharge in an electrochemical supercapacitor electrode in aqueous Na2SO4 electrolyte,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 18, pp. 7270–7277, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. N. Larabi-Gruet, S. Peulon, A. Lacroix, and A. Chaussé, “Studies of electrodeposition from Mn(II) species of thin layers of birnessite onto transparent semiconductor,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 53, no. 24, pp. 7281–7287, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. B. Ma, W. Hou, Y. Han, R. Sun, and Z.-H. Liu, “Exfoliation reaction of birnessite-type manganese oxide by a host-guest electrostatic repulsion in aqueous solution,” Solid State Sciences, vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 141–147, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. M. A. Cheney, P. K. Bhowmik, S. Qian, S. W. Joo, W. Hou, and J. M. Okoh, “A new method of synthesizing black birnessite nanoparticles: from brown to black birnessite with nanostructures,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2008, Article ID 763706, 8 pages, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. S. L. Suib, “Microporous manganese oxides,” Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 63–70, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. J. C. Villegas, L. J. Garces, S. Gomez, J. P. Durand, and S. L. Suib, “Particle size control of cryptomelane nanomaterials by use of H2O2 in acidic conditions,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 17, no. 7, pp. 1910–1918, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  22. L. D. Conde and S. L. Suib, “Catalyst nature and frequency effects on the oligomerization of methane via microwave heating,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 107, no. 15, pp. 3663–3670, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  23. S. Ching, J. L. Roark, N. Duan, and S. L. Suib, “Sol-gel route to the tunneled manganese oxide cryptomelane,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 750–754, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. E. Leontidiz, “Hoffmeister anion effects on surfactant self-assembly and the formation of mesoporous solids,” Current Opinion in Colloid & Interface Science, vol. 7, no. 1-2, pp. 81–91, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. Joint Committee on Powder Diffraction standards/International Centre for Diffraction Data (JCPDS-ICDD), File Card no. 80–1098.
  26. Joint Committee on Powder Diffraction standards/International Centre for Diffraction Data (JCPDS-ICDD), File Card no. 72–1982.
  27. B. D. Cullity, Elements of X-Ray Diffraction, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass, USA, 1978.
  28. S. B. Qadri, E. F. Skelton, D. Hsu et al., “Size-induced transition-temperature reduction in nanoparticles of ZnS,” Physical Review B, vol. 60, no. 13, pp. 9191–9193, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar