Table 3: Applications of the aerogel perspective to properties.

PropertyFeatureApplication

Thermal conductivity(i) Best insulating solid(i) Building construction and appliance insulation
(ii) Transparent(ii) Storage media
(iii) Withstand high temperature(iii) Automobiles, Space vehicles
(iv) Light weight (iv) Solar devices, solar ponds

Density/porosity(i) Lightest synthetic solid(i) Catalysis
(ii) High surface area(ii) Sensor
(iii) Multiple compositions(iii) Fuel storage
(iv) Ion exchange
(v) Filters for pollutants gaseous
(vi) Targets for ICF
(vii) Pigment carriers
(viii) Template

Optical(i) Transparent(i) Light weight optics
(ii) Low refractive index(ii) Cherenkov detectors
(iii) Multiple composition(iii) Light guides

Acoustic(i) Low speed of sound(i) Sound proof rooms
(ii) Acoustic impedance matching in ultrasonic distance sensors

Mechanical(i) Elastic(i) Energy absorber
(ii) Light weight(ii) Hypervelocity particle trap

Electrical(i) Lowest dielectric constant(i) Dielectrics for ICs
(ii) High dielectric strength(ii) Spacers for vacuum electrodes
(iii) High surface area (iii) Capacitors