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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2010, Article ID 513501, 7 pages
Review Article

Chemical Functionalization of Graphene Nanoribbons

Institute for Materials Research, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8577, Japan

Received 31 May 2010; Accepted 28 June 2010

Academic Editor: Rakesh Joshi

Copyright © 2010 Narjes Gorjizadeh and Yoshiyuki Kawazoe. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


We review the electronic properties of graphene nanoribbons functionalized by various elements and functional groups. Graphene nanoribbons are strips of graphene, the honeycomb lattice of carbon with hybridization. Basically nanoribbons can be classified into two categories, according to the geometry of their edge, armchair, and zigzag, which determine their electronic structure. Due to their fascinating electronic and magnetic properties many applications has been suggested for these materials. One of the major methods to use graphene nanoribbons in future applications is chemical functionalization of these materials to make an engineering on their band gap. In this review, we introduce various types of modifying graphene nanoribbons to meet their promising applications.