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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2010, Article ID 768251, 5 pages
Research Article

Fabrication of Nano-Ce O 2 and Application of Nano-Ce O 2 in Fe Matrix Composites

School of Material Science and Engineering, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin, 300132, China

Received 18 May 2010; Accepted 26 August 2010

Academic Editor: Kin Tak Lau

Copyright © 2010 Wang Tiebao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


It is expatiated that nano-Ce O 2 is fabricated by the direct sedimentation method. The components and particles diameter of nano-Ce O 2 powders are analyzed by XRD and SEM . The thermodynamic analysis and acting mechanism of nano-Ce O 2 with Al in Fe matrix composites are researched, which shows that the reaction is generated between Ce O 2 and Al in the composite, that is, 3Ce O 2 +4Al 2A l 2 O 3 +3[Ce], which obtains A l 2 O 3 and active [Ce] during the sintering process. The active [Ce] can improve the performance of Ce O 2 /Fe matrix composites. The suitable amount of Ce O 2 is about 0.05% in Ce O 2 /Fe matrix composites. SEM fracture analysis shows that the toughness sockets in nano-Ce O 2 /Fe matrix composites are more than those in no-added nano-Ce O 2 composites, which can explain that adding nano-Ce O 2 into Fe matrix composite, the toughness of the composite is improved significantly. Applied nano-Ce O 2 to Fe matrix diamond saw blades shows that Fe matrix diamond saw blade is sharper and of longer cutting life than that with no-added nano-Ce O 2 .