Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2010, Article ID 907686, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2010/907686
Research Article

Simple Synthesis and Characterization of Cobalt Ferrite Nanoparticles by a Thermal Treatment Method

1Department of Physics, Putra University, Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
2Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Malayer University, Malayer, Iran
3Department of Chemistry, Putra University, Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
4Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Technology, Putra University, Malaysia (UPM), 43400 Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia

Received 4 July 2010; Revised 20 November 2010; Accepted 26 November 2010

Academic Editor: Michael Harris

Copyright © 2010 Mahmoud Goodarz Naseri et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. B. Aslibeiki, P. Kameli, H. Salamati, M. Eshraghi, and T. Tahmasebi, “Superspin glass state in MnFe2O4 nanoparticles,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 322, no. 19, pp. 2929–2934, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. A. P. Alivisatos, “Semiconductor clusters, nanocrystals, and quantum dots,” Science, vol. 271, no. 5251, pp. 933–937, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. M. Sugimoto, “The past, present, and future of ferrites,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 82, no. 2, pp. 269–280, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. H.-M. Fan, J.-B. Yi, Y. Yang et al., “Single-crystalline MFe2O4 nanotubes/nanorings synthesized by thermal transformation process for biological applications,” ACS Nano, vol. 3, no. 9, pp. 2798–2808, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. M. H. Khedr, A. A. Omar, and S. A. Abdel-Moaty, “Magnetic nanocomposites: preparation and characterization of Co-ferrite nanoparticles,” Colloids and Surfaces A, vol. 281, no. 1–3, pp. 8–14, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. B. Silva, W. De Brito, and N. D. S. Mohallem, “Influence of heat treatment on cobalt ferrite ceramic powders,” Materials Science and Engineering B, vol. 112, no. 2-3, pp. 182–187, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Z. Zi, Y. Sun, X. Zhu, Z. Yang, J. Dai, and W. Song, “Synthesis and magnetic properties of CoFe2O4 ferrite nanoparticles,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 321, no. 9, pp. 1251–1255, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. V. L. Calero-DdelC and C. Rinaldi, “Synthesis and magnetic characterization of cobalt-substituted ferrite (CoxFe3xO4) nanoparticles,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 314, no. 1, pp. 60–67, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. D. Zhao, X. Wu, H. Guan, and E. Han, “Study on supercritical hydrothermal synthesis of CoFe2O4 nanoparticles,” Journal of Supercritical Fluids, vol. 42, no. 2, pp. 226–233, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. Chen, Y. Shen, and J. Bai, “Large-scale synthesis of uniform spinel ferrite nanoparticles from hydrothermal decomposition of trinuclear heterometallic oxo-centered acetate clusters,” Materials Letters, vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 1099–1101, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Gharagozlou, “Synthesis, characterization and influence of calcination temperature on magnetic properties of nanocrystalline spinel Co-ferrite prepared by polymeric precursor method,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 486, no. 1-2, pp. 660–665, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. I. H. Gul and A. Maqsood, “Structural, magnetic and electrical properties of cobalt ferrites prepared by the sol-gel route,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 465, no. 1-2, pp. 227–231, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. V. Pillai and D. O. Shah, “Synthesis of high-coercivity cobalt ferrite particles using water-in-oil microemulsions,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 163, no. 1-2, pp. 243–248, 1996. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. J. Zhang and C. Q. Lan, “Laser-generated Ni and Co nanoparticles in organic media,” Materials Letters, vol. 62, no. 10-11, pp. 1521–1524, 2008. View at Google Scholar
  15. G. Baldi, D. Bonacchi, C. Innocenti, G. Lorenzi, and C. Sangregorio, “Cobalt ferrite nanoparticles: the control of the particle size and surface state and their effects on magnetic properties,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 311, no. 1, pp. 10–16, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. K. V. P. M. Shafi, A. Gedanken, R. Prozorov, and J. Balogh, “Sonochemical preparation and size-dependent properties of nanostructured CoFe2O4 particles,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 10, no. 11, pp. 3445–3450, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. Singhal, J. Singh, S. K. Barthwal, and K. Chandra, “Preparation and characterization of nanosize nickel-substituted cobalt ferrites (Co1xNixFe2O4),” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 178, no. 10, pp. 3183–3189, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. J. Jiang and L. H. Ai, “Synthesis and characterization of Fe-Co binary ferrospinel nanospheres via one-step nonaqueous solution pathway,” Materials Letters, vol. 64, no. 8, pp. 945–947, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. Y. Sui, X. Huang, Z. Ma et al., “The effect of thermal annealing on crystallization in a-Si:H/SiO2 multilayers by using layer by layer plasma oxidation,” Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, vol. 15, no. 34, pp. 5793–5800, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. P. Laokul, V. Amornkitbamrung, S. Seraphin, and S. Maensiri, “Characterization and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline CuFe2O4,NiFe2O4,ZnFe2O4 powders prepared by the Aloe vera extract solution,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 101–108, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  21. M. I. Mendelson, “Average grain size in polycrystalline ceramics,” Journal of American Ceramic Society, vol. 52, no. 8, pp. 443–446, 1969. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. B. D. Cullity, Elements of X-Ray Diffraction, Addison-Wesley, London, UK, 2nd edition, 1978.
  23. M. I. Loría-Bastarrachea, W. Herrera-Kao, J. V. Cauich-Rodríguez, J. M. Cervantes-Uc, H. Vázquez-Torres, and A. Ávila-Ortega, “A TG/FTIR study on the thermal degradation of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone),” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry. In press. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. M. Sangmanee and S. Maensiri, “Nanostructures and magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) fabricated by electrospinning,” Applied Physics A, vol. 97, no. 1, pp. 167–177, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. V. A. M. Brabers, “Infrared spectra of cubic and tetragonal manganese ferrites,” Physica Status Solidi, vol. 33, no. 2, pp. 563–572, 1969. View at Google Scholar
  26. Y. J. Kwon, K. H. Kim, C. S. Lim, and K. B. Shim, “Characterization of ZnO nanopowders synthesized by the polymerized complex method via an organochemical route,” Journal of Ceramic Processing Research, vol. 3, no. 3, pp. 146–149, 2002. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. Y. Qu, H. Yang, N. Yang, Y. Fan, H. Zhu, and G. Zou, “The effect of reaction temperature on the particle size, structure and magnetic properties of coprecipitated CoFe2O4 nanoparticles,” Materials Letters, vol. 60, no. 29-30, pp. 3548–3552, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. M. K. Roy, B. Haldar, and H. C. Verma, “Characteristic length scales of nanosize zinc ferrite,” Nanotechnology, vol. 17, no. 1, pp. 232–237, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. T. Giannakopoulou, L. Kompotiatis, A. Kontogeorgakos, and G. Kordas, “Microwave behavior of ferrites prepared via sol-gel method,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 246, no. 3, pp. 360–365, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. M. P. Gonzalez-Sandoval, A. M. Beesley, M. Miki-Yoshida, L. Fuentes-Cobas, and J. A. Matutes-Aquino, “Comparative study of the microstructural and magnetic properties of spinel ferrites obtained by co-precipitation,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 369, no. 1-2, pp. 190–194, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. F. Nakagomi, S. W. Da Silva, V. K. Garg et al., “The influence of cobalt population on the structural properties of CoxFe3xO4,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 101, no. 9, pp. 09M514–09M517, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. E. V. Gopalan, I. A. Al-Omari, D. S. Kumar, Y. Yoshida, P. A. Joy, and M. R. Anantharaman, “Inverse magnetocaloric effect in sol-gel derived nanosized cobalt ferrite,” Applied Physics A, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 497–503, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Franco Jr. and F. C. E Silva, “High temperature magnetic properties of cobalt ferrite nanoparticles,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 96, no. 17, pp. 172505–172508, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. Y. Kinemuchi, K. Ishizaka, H. Suematsu, W. Jiang, and K. Yatsui, “Magnetic properties of nanosize NiFe2O4 particles synthesized by pulsed wire discharge,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 407, no. 1-2, pp. 109–113, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. R. H. Kodama, A. E. Berkowitz, E. J. McNiff, and S. Foner, “Surface spin disorder in ferrite nanoparticles,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 81, no. 8, pp. 5552–5557, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. D. S. Mathew and R. S. Juang, “An overview of the structure and magnetism of spinel ferrite nanoparticles and their synthesis in microemulsions,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 129, no. 1–3, pp. 51–65, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. Z. L. Wang, Y. Liu, and Z. Zhang, Handbook of Nanophase and Nanostructured Materials. Materials Systems and Applications I, Vol. III, Kluwer Academic, Boston, Mass, USA; Plenum, New York, NY, USA, 2003.
  38. E. C. Stoner and E. P. Wohlfarth, “A mechanism of magnetic hysteresis in heterogeneous alloys,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, vol. 240, pp. 599–642, 1948. View at Google Scholar
  39. M. Vasic, B. Antic, A. Kremenovic et al., “Zn,Ni ferrite/NiO nanocomposite powder obtained from acetylacetonato complexes,” Nanotechnology, vol. 17, no. 19, pp. 4877–4884, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. George, A. Mary John, S. S. Nair, P. A. Joy, and M. R. Anantharaman, “Finite size effects on the structural and magnetic properties of sol-gel synthesized NiFe2O4 powders,” Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, vol. 302, no. 1, pp. 190–195, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. B. D. Cullity, Introduction to Magnetic Materials, Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass, USA, 1972.
  42. S. Chikazumi, Physics of Magnetism, Wiley, New York, NY, USA, 1959.