Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2011, Article ID 267415, 6 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/267415
Research Article

One-Step Nonaqueous Synthesis of Pure Phase TiO2 Nanocrystals from TiCl4 in Butanol and Their Photocatalytic Properties

1Centre for Advanced Optoelectronic Functional Materials Research, Key Laboratory for UV Light-Emitting Materials and Technology of Ministry of Education, Northeast Normal University, Changchun 130024, China
2Faculty of Chemistry, Baicheng Normal University, Baicheng 137000, China

Received 10 July 2010; Revised 17 February 2011; Accepted 17 March 2011

Academic Editor: P. Panine

Copyright © 2011 Tieping Cao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Fujishima and K. Honda, “Electrochemical photolysis of water at a semiconductor electrode,” Nature, vol. 238, no. 5358, pp. 37–38, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Asahi, T. Morikawa, T. Ohwaki, K. Aoki, and Y. Taga, “Visible-light photocatalysis in nitrogen-doped titanium oxides,” Science, vol. 293, no. 5528, pp. 269–271, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. H. G. Yang, C. H. Sun, S. Z. Qiao et al., “Anatase TiO2 single crystals with a large percentage of reactive facets,” Nature, vol. 453, no. 7195, pp. 638–641, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. T. L. Thompson and J. T. Yates, “Surface science studies of the photoactivation of TiO2—new photochemical processes,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 106, no. 10, pp. 4428–4453, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. X. Chen and S. S. Mao, “Titanium dioxide nanomaterials: synthesis, properties, modifications and applications,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 107, no. 7, pp. 2891–2959, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Fujishima, X. Zhang, and D. A. Tryk, “TiO2 photocatalysis and related surface phenomena,” Surface Science Reports, vol. 63, no. 12, pp. 515–582, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J. Zhang, Q. Xu, Z. Feng, M. Li, and C. Li, “Importance of the relationship between surface phases and photocatalytic activity of TiO2,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 1766–1769, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. H. Zhu, X. Gao, Y. Lan, D. Song, Y. Xi, and J. Zhao, “Hydrogen titanate nanofibers covered with anatase nanocrystals: a delicate structure achieved by the wet chemistry reaction of the titanate nanofibers,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 126, no. 27, pp. 8380–8381, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. C. Yu, L. Zhang, and J. Yu, “Direct sonochemical preparation and characterization of highly active mesoporous TiO2 with a bicrystalline framework,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 14, no. 11, pp. 4647–4653, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. X. Li, X. Quan, and C. Kutal, “Synthesis and photocatalytic properties of quantum confined titanium dioxide nanoparticle,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 499–505, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Testino, I. R. Bellobono, V. Buscaglia et al., “Optimizing the photocatalytic properties of hydrothermal TiO2 by the control of phase composition and particle morphology. A systematic approach,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 129, no. 12, pp. 3564–3575, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. Y. Wang, L. Zhang, K. Deng, X. Chen, and Z. Zou, “Low temperature synthesis and photocatalytic activity of rutile TiO2 nanorod superstructutes,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 111, no. 6, pp. 2709–2714, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. A. Dessombz, D. Chiche, P. Davidson, P. Panine, C. Chanéac, and J. P. Jolivet, “Design of liquid-crystalline aqueous suspensions of rutile nanorods: evidence of anisotropic photocatalytic properties,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 129, no. 18, pp. 5904–5909, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. C. Wang, C. Shao, Y. Liu, and X. Li, “Water—dichloromethane interface controlled synthesis of hierarchical rutile TiO2 superstructures and their photocatalytic properties,” Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 48, no. 3, pp. 1105–1113, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. Pinna and M. Niederberger, “Surfactant-free nonaqueous synthesis of metal oxide nanostructures,” Angewandte Chemie International Edition, vol. 47, no. 29, pp. 5292–5304, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Niederberger, “Nonaqueous sol-gel routes to metal oxide nanoparticles,” Accounts of Chemical Research, vol. 40, no. 9, pp. 793–800, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. I. Djerdj, D. Arčon, Z. Jagličić, and M. Niederberger, “Nonaqueous synthesis of metal oxide nanoparticles: short review and doped titanium dioxide as case study for the preparation of transition metal-doped oxide nanoparticles,” Journal of Solid State Chemistry, vol. 181, no. 7, pp. 1571–1581, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. Wang, Z. X. Deng, and Y. Li, “The synthesis of nanocrystalline anatase and rutile titania in mixed organic media,” Inorganic Chemistry, vol. 40, no. 20, pp. 5210–5214, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. C. Wang, Z. X. Deng, G. Zhang, S. Fan, and Y. Li, “Synthesis of nanocrystalline TiO2 in alcohols,” Powder Technology, vol. 125, no. 1, pp. 39–44, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. K. Kakiuchi, E. Hosono, H. Imai, T. Kimura, and S. Fujihara, “{111}-faceting of low-temperature processed rutile TiO2 rods,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 293, no. 2, pp. 541–545, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus