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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2011, Article ID 573687, 13 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/573687
Review Article

Preparation, Modification, and Application of Starch Nanocrystals in Nanomaterials: A Review

1College of Chemical Engineering, Wuhan University of Technology, 122 Loushi Road, Wuhan 430070, China
2Interdisciplinary Science and Technology Institute for Advanced Study, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, China
3State Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640, China
4Bioproducts and Bioprocesses National Science Program, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada, 107 Science Place, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 0X2
5Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, SK, Canada S7N 5A9

Received 4 May 2010; Accepted 12 July 2010

Academic Editor: Quanqin Dai

Copyright © 2011 Ning Lin et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

During the past decade, much work has been devoted to the preparation of nanomaterials by blending starch nanocrystals from different sources with various polymer matrices. The following paper summarizes the most up-to-date information available relating to starch nanocrystals and their contribution to research, application, and advancement of diversified nanomaterials. This paper provides an overview of aspects related to starch nanocrystals, including methods for extraction and preparation, chemical modification (with particular emphasis on the modification methods and strategies), reinforcing effects and mechanisms, and applications and prospects.