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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2011, Article ID 579427, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2011/579427
Research Article

Characterizations of InN Thin Films Grown on Si (110) Substrate by Reactive Sputtering

Nano-Optoelectronics Research and Technology Laboratory, School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia

Received 19 February 2011; Revised 18 April 2011; Accepted 21 May 2011

Academic Editor: Gong Ru Lin

Copyright © 2011 M. Amirhoseiny et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Indium nitride (InN) thin films were deposited onto Si (110) by reactive sputtering and pure In target at ambient temperature. The effects of the Ar–N2 sputtering gas mixture on the structural properties of the films were investigated by using scanning electron microscope, energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy, atomic force microscopy, and X-ray diffraction techniques. The optical properties of InN layers were examined by micro-Raman and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) reflectance spectroscopy at room temperature. Structural analysis specified nanocrystalline structure with crystal size of 15.87 nm, 16.65 nm, and 41.64 nm for InN films grown at N2 : Ar ratio of 100 : 0, 75 : 25, and 50 : 50, respectively. The Raman spectra indicates well defined peaks at 578, 583, and 583 cm−1, which correspond to the A1(LO) phonon of the hexagonal InN films grown at gas ratios of 100 : 0, 75 : 25 and 50 : 50 N2 : Ar, respectively. Results of FTIR spectroscopy show the clearly visible TO [E1(TO)] phonon mode of the InN at 479 cm−1 just for film that were deposited at 50 : 50 N2 : Ar. The X-ray diffraction results indicate that the layers consist of InN nanocrystals. The highest intensity of InN (101) peak and the best nanocrystalline InN films can be seen under the deposition condition with N2 : Ar gas mixture of 50 : 50.