Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 275637, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/275637
Research Article

Effects of Surface Modification of MWCNT on the Mechanical and Electrical Properties of Fluoro Elastomer/MWCNT Nanocomposites

1Institute of Chemical Materials, Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics, Mianyang 621900, China
2Department of Polymer Materials and State Key Laboratory of Polymer Materials Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610065, China

Received 11 October 2011; Accepted 13 January 2012

Academic Editor: Sulin Zhang

Copyright © 2012 Tao Xu and Jinghui Yang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. S. Iijima, “Helical microtubules of graphitic carbon,” Nature, vol. 354, no. 6348, pp. 56–58, 1991. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. M. Dresselhaus. and Ph. Avouris, Carbon Nanotubes: Synthesis, Properties and Application, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2001.
  3. W. Tang, M. H. Santare, and S. G. Advani, “Melt processing and mechanical property characterization of multi-walled carbon nanotube/high density polyethylene (MWNT/HDPE) composite films,” Carbon, vol. 41, no. 14, pp. 2779–2785, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. L. Shofner, V. N. Khabashesku, and E. V. Barrera, “Processing and mechanical properties of fluorinated single-wall carbon nanotube-polyethylene composites,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 906–913, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. M. Moniruzzaman and K. I. Winey, “Polymer nanocomposites containing carbon nanotubes,” Macromolecules, vol. 39, no. 16, pp. 5194–5205, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. R. Andrews and M. C. Weisenberger, “Carbon nanotube polymer composites,” Current Opinion in Solid State and Materials Science, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 31–37, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. X.-L. Xie, Y.-W. Mai, and X.-P. Zhou, “Dispersion and alignment of carbon nanotubes in polymer matrix: a review,” Materials Science and Engineering R, vol. 49, no. 4, pp. 89–112, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. K. L. Strong, D. P. Anderson, K. Lafdi, and J. N. Kuhn, “Purification process for single-wall carbon nanotubes,” Carbon, vol. 41, no. 8, pp. 1477–1488, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. H. G. Chae, T. V. Sreekumar, T. Uchida, and S. Kumar, “A comparison of reinforcement efficiency of various types of carbon nanotubes in polyacrylonitrile fiber,” Polymer, vol. 46, no. 24, pp. 10925–10935, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Zhang, L. Su, and L. Mao, “Surfactant functionalization of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) for layer-by-layer assembling of CNT multi-layer films and fabrication of gold nanoparticle/CNT nanohybrid,” Carbon, vol. 44, no. 2, pp. 276–283, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. M. Abdalla, D. Dean, D. Adibempe, E. Nyairo, P. Robinson, and G. Thompson, “The effect of interfacial chemistry on molecular mobility and morphology of multiwalled carbon nanotubes epoxy nanocomposite,” Polymer, vol. 48, no. 19, pp. 5662–5670, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. A. Kim, D. G. Seong, T. J. Kang, and J. R. Youn, “Effects of surface modification on rheological and mechanical properties of CNT/epoxy composites,” Carbon, vol. 44, no. 10, pp. 1898–1905, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. J. Zhu, J. Kim, H. Peng, J. L. Margrave, V. N. Khabashesku, and E. V. Barrera, “Improving the dispersion and integration of single-walled carbon nanotubes in epoxy composites through functionalization,” Nano Letters, vol. 3, no. 8, pp. 1107–1113, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. E. T. Thostenson and T.-W. Chou, “Aligned multi-walled carbon nanotube-reinforced composites: processing and mechanical characterization,” Journal of Physics D, vol. 35, no. 16, pp. L77–L80, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. B. Yan, K. Qian, Y. Zhang, and D. Xu, “Effects of argon plasma treating on surface morphology and gas ionization property of carbon nanotubes,” Physica E, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 88–92, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. K. S. Ahn, J. S. Kim, C. O. Kim, and J. P. Hong, “Non-reactive rf treatment of multiwall carbon nanotube with inert argon plasma for enhanced field emission,” Carbon, vol. 41, no. 13, pp. 2481–2485, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. K. Yu, Z. Zhu, M. Xu, Q. Li, and W. Lu, “Electron field emission from soluble carbon nanotube films treated by hydrogen plasma,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 373, no. 1-2, pp. 109–114, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  18. K. Yu, Z. Zhu, Y. Zhang et al., “Change of surface morphology and field emission property of carbon nanotube films treated using a hydrogen plasma,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 225, no. 1–4, pp. 380–388, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. W. Chen and X. Tao, “Production and characterization of polymer nanocomposite with aligned single wall carbon nanotubes,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 252, no. 10, pp. 3547–3552, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. L. Valentini, D. Puglia, I. Armentano, and J. M. Kenny, “Sidewall functionalization of single-walled carbon nanotubes through CF4 plasma treatment and subsequent reaction with aliphatic amines,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 403, no. 4–6, pp. 385–389, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Y. W. Zhu, F. C. Cheong, T. Yu et al., “Effects of CF4 plasma on the field emission properties of aligned multi-wall carbon nanotube films,” Carbon, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 395–400, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. T. Xu, J. Yang, J. Liu, and Q. Fu, “Surface modification of multi-walled carbon nanotubes by O2 plasma,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 253, no. 22, pp. 8945–8951, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. T. Xu, J. Yang, J. Liu, and Q. Fu, “CF4 plasma-induced grafting of fluoropolymer onto multi-walled carbon nanotube powder,” Applied Physics A, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 431–435, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. C. Vix-Guterl, M. Couzi, J. Dentzer, M. Trinquecoste, and P. Delhaes, “Surface characterizations of carbon multiwall nanotubes: comparison between surface active sites and Raman spectroscopy,” Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 108, no. 50, pp. 19361–19367, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. L. Vaisman, G. Marom, and H. D. Wagner, “Dispersions of surface-modified carbon nanotubes in water-soluble and water-insoluble polymers,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 357–363, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Q. Zhang, S. Rastogi, D. Chen, D. Lippits, and P. J. Lemstra, “Low percolation threshold in single-walled carbon nanotube/high density polyethylene composites prepared by melt processing technique,” Carbon, vol. 44, no. 4, pp. 778–785, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus