Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 375289, 4 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/375289
Research Article

Critical Dispersion Distance of Silicon Nanoparticles Intercalated between Graphene Layers

1Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA
2Maryland NanoCenter, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, USA

Received 16 October 2011; Accepted 25 January 2012

Academic Editor: Sulin Zhang

Copyright © 2012 Shuze Zhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. S. Whittingham, “Lithium batteries and cathode materials,” Chemical Reviews, vol. 104, no. 10, pp. 4271–4301, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. K. Kang, Y. S. Meng, J. Bréger, C. P. Grey, and G. Ceder, “Electrodes with high power and high capacity for rechargeable lithium batteries,” Science, vol. 311, no. 5763, pp. 977–980, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. M. Tarascon and M. Armand, “Issues and challenges facing rechargeable lithium batteries,” Nature, vol. 414, no. 6861, pp. 359–367, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. A. Boukamp, G. C. Lesh, and R. A. Huggins, “All-solid lithium electrodes with mixed-conductor matrix,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 128, no. 4, pp. 725–729, 1981. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. U. Kasavajjula, C. Wang, and A. J. Appleby, “Nano- and bulk-silicon-based insertion anodes for lithium-ion secondary cells,” Journal of Power Sources, vol. 163, no. 2, pp. 1003–1039, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. J. K. Lee, K. B. Smith, C. M. Hayner, and H. H. Kung, “Silicon nanoparticles-graphene paper composites for Li ion battery anodes,” Chemical Communications, vol. 46, no. 12, pp. 2025–2027, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. J.-Z. Wang, C. Zhong, S.-L. Chou, and H.-K. Liu, “Flexible free-standing graphene-silicon composite film for lithium-ion batteries,” Electrochemistry Communications, vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 1467–1470, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  8. C. K. Chan, H. Peng, G. Liu et al., “High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 31–35, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Z. Y. Wang, H. Zhang, N. Li, Z. J. Shi, Z. N. Gu, and G. P. Cao, “Laterally confined graphene nanosheets and graphene/SnO2 composites as high-rate anode materials for lithium-ion batteries,” Nano Research, vol. 3, no. 10, pp. 748–756, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. T. Li, “Extrinsic morphology of graphene,” Modelling and Simulation in Materials Science and Engineering, vol. 19, no. 5, Article ID 054005, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. D. W. Brenner, O. A. Shenderova, J. A. Harrison, S. J. Stuart, B. Ni, and S. B. Sinnott, “A second-generation reactive empirical bond order (REBO) potential energy expression for hydrocarbons,” Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 783–802, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. J. Stuart, A. B. Tutein, and J. A. Harrison, “A reactive potential for hydrocarbons with intermolecular interactions,” Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 112, no. 14, pp. 6472–6486, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. M. Yamamoto, W. G. Cullen, and M. S. Fuhrer, Private communication.
  14. H. Kim, S.-W. Kim, Y.-U. Park et al., “SnO2/graphene composite with high lithium storage capability for lithium rechargeable batteries,” Nano Research, vol. 3, no. 11, pp. 813–821, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  15. S. M. Paek, E. Yoo, I. Honma et al., “Enhanced cyclic performance and lithium storage capacity of SnO2/graphene nanoporous electrodes with three-dimensionally delaminated flexible structure,” Nano Letters, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 72–75, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  16. D. Wang, D. Choi, J. Li et al., “Self-assembled TiO2-graphene hybrid nanostructures for enhanced Li-ion insertion,” ACS Nano, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 907–914, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus