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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 435873, 17 pages
Review Article

A Review on Nanofluids: Preparation, Stability Mechanisms, and Applications

School of Urban Development and Environmental Engineering, Shanghai Second Polytechnic University, Shanghai 201209, China

Received 21 April 2011; Accepted 11 July 2011

Academic Editor: Li-Hong Liu

Copyright © 2012 Wei Yu and Huaqing Xie. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Nanofluids, the fluid suspensions of nanomaterials, have shown many interesting properties, and the distinctive features offer unprecedented potential for many applications. This paper summarizes the recent progress on the study of nanofluids, such as the preparation methods, the evaluation methods for the stability of nanofluids, and the ways to enhance the stability for nanofluids, the stability mechanisms of nanofluids, and presents the broad range of current and future applications in various fields including energy and mechanical and biomedical fields. At last, the paper identifies the opportunities for future research.