Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2012, Article ID 949764, 10 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2012/949764
Research Article

Immobilized TiO2 for Phenol Degradation in a Pilot-Scale Photocatalytic Reactor

Department of Water Technology and Environment Engineering, Institute of Chemical and Environment Engineering, West Pomeranian University of Technology, Szczecin, ul. Pułaskiego 10, 70-322 Szczecin, Poland

Received 4 June 2012; Accepted 6 September 2012

Academic Editor: Wenhong Fan

Copyright © 2012 Sylwia Mozia et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. D. Bahnemann, “Photocatalytic water treatment: solar energy applications,” Solar Energy, vol. 77, no. 5, pp. 445–459, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. C. M. Ling, A. R. Mohamed, and S. Bhatia, “Performance of photocatalytic reactors using immobilized TiO2 film for the degradation of phenol and methylene blue dye present in water stream,” Chemosphere, vol. 57, no. 7, pp. 547–554, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. A. Elfeky and A. S. A. Al-Sherbini, “Photo-oxidation of Rhodamine-6-G via TiO2 and Au/TiO2-bound polythene beads,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2011, Article ID 570438, 8 pages, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  4. R. Bauer, G. Waldner, H. Fallmann et al., “The photo-fenton reaction and the TiO2/UV process for waste water treatment—Novel developments,” Catalysis Today, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 131–144, 1999. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. Z. Xiufeng, L. Juan, L. Lianghai, and W. Zuoshan, “Preparation of crystalline Sn-doped TiO2and its application in visible-light photocatalysis,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2011, Article ID 432947, 5 pages, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  6. W. Sukchom, K. Chayantrakom, P. Satiracoo, and D. Baowan, “Three possible encapsulation mechanics of TiO2 nanoparticles into single-walled carbon nanotubes,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2011, Article ID 857864, 8 pages, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  7. B. Tryba, “Immobilization of TiO2 and Fe-C-TiO2 photocatalysts on the cotton material for application in a flow photocatalytic reactor for decomposition of phenol in water,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 151, no. 2-3, pp. 623–627, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. A. Sobczyński and A. Dobosz, “Water purification by photocatalysis on semiconductors,” Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 195–205, 2001. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. J. A. Byrne, B. R. Eggins, N. M. D. Brown, B. McKinney, and M. Rouse, “Immobilisation of TiO2 powder for the treatment of polluted water,” Applied Catalysis B, vol. 17, no. 1-2, pp. 25–36, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. L. P. Lim, R. J. Lynch, and S. I. In, “Comparison of simple and economical photocatalyst immobilisation procedures,” Applied Catalysis A, vol. 365, no. 2, pp. 214–221, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. R. Scotti, M. D'Arienzo, F. Morazzoni, and I. R. Bellobono, “Immobilization of hydrothermally produced TiO2 with different phase composition for photocatalytic degradation of phenol,” Applied Catalysis B, vol. 88, no. 3-4, pp. 323–330, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. A. Meizler, F. Roddick, and N. Porter, “A novel glass support for the immobilization and UV-activation of horseradish peroxidase for treatment of halogenated phenols,” Chemical Engineering Journal, vol. 172, no. 2-3, pp. 792–798, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. S. H. Lin and R. S. Juang, “Adsorption of phenol and its derivatives from water using synthetic resins and low-cost natural adsorbents: a review,” Journal of Environmental Management, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 1336–1349, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Bajaj, C. Gallert, and J. Winter, “Biodegradation of high phenol containing synthetic wastewater by an aerobic fixed bed reactor,” Bioresource Technology, vol. 99, no. 17, pp. 8376–8381, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. N. Hosseini, S. M. Borghei, M. Vossoughi, and N. Taghavinia, “Immobilization of TiO2 on perlite granules for photocatalytic degradation of phenol,” Applied Catalysis B, vol. 74, no. 1-2, pp. 53–62, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. M. Alvaro, E. Carbonell, M. Esplá, and H. Garcia, “Iron phthalocyanine supported on silica or encapsulated inside zeolite Y as solid photocatalysts for the degradation of phenols and sulfur heterocycles,” Applied Catalysis B, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 37–42, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. G. Busca, S. Berardinelli, C. Resini, and L. Arrighi, “Technologies for the removal of phenol from fluid streams: a short review of recent developments,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 160, no. 2-3, pp. 265–288, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. A. H. Norzilah, A. Fakhru'l-Razi, S. Y. T. Choong, and A. L. Chuah, “Surface modification effects on CNTs adsorption of methylene blue and phenol,” Journal of Nanomaterials, vol. 2011, Article ID 495676, 18 pages, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  19. Photospheres, product information, 2011, http://www.microspheretechnology.com/photospheres.php.
  20. S. Mozia, A. Heciak, and A. W. Morawski, “The influence of physico-chemical properties of TiO2 on photocatalytic generation of C1-C3 hydrocarbons and hydrogen from aqueous solution of acetic acid,” Applied Catalysis B, vol. 104, no. 1-2, pp. 21–29, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. B. Bobowski, J. Subocz, D. Kowalski, P. Brożek, and A. W. Morawski, “Method for purifying aqueous solutions of organic pollutants and photocatalytic mesh for purification of aqueous solutions of organic pollutants,” Polish Patent Application No. P. 397133/25.11.2011.
  22. W. Kowalski, Ultraviolet Germicidal Irradiation Handbook: UVGI For Air and Surface Disinfection, Springer, Berlin, Germany, 2009.
  23. L. M. Mosley, B. M. Peake, and K. A. Hunter, “Modelling of pH and inorganic carbon speciation in estuaries using the composition of the river and seawater end members,” Environmental Modelling and Software, vol. 25, no. 12, pp. 1658–1663, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. Y. F. Rao and W. Chu, “A new approach to quantify the degradation kinetics of linuron with UV, ozonation and UV/O3 processes,” Chemosphere, vol. 74, no. 11, pp. 1444–1449, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Esplugas, J. Giménez, S. Contreras, E. Pascual, and M. Rodríguez, “Comparison of different advanced oxidation processes for phenol degradation,” Water Research, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 1034–1042, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. Fotiadis, N. P. Xekoukoulotakis, and D. Mantzavinos, “Photocatalytic treatment of wastewater from cottonseed processing: effect of operating conditions, aerobic biodegradability and ecotoxicity,” Catalysis Today, vol. 124, no. 3-4, pp. 247–253, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. U. G. Akpan and B. H. Hameed, “Parameters affecting the photocatalytic degradation of dyes using TiO2-based photocatalysts: a review,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 170, no. 2-3, pp. 520–529, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. X. Wang, J. Jia, and Y. Wang, “Degradation of C.I. Reactive Red 2 through photocatalysis coupled with water jet cavitation,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 185, no. 1, pp. 315–321, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. P. Patnaik, Dean's Analytical Chemistry Handbook, McGraw-Hill, 2nd edition, 2004.