Journal of Nanomaterials / 2013 / Article / Fig 5

Research Article

Enhanced Ca2+ Entry and Tyrosine Phosphorylation Mediate Nanostructure-Induced Endothelial Proliferation

Figure 5

Nuclear translocation of β-catenin on ripples is sensitive to Gd3+. Confocal microscopy images of β-catenin distribution (red) in HMEC grown on the indicated substrate. Cells were incubated with 10 μM Gd3+ for 6 h at 37°C (a). Lower panels: representative profile plots along the indicated cell section (yellow line) show intensity distribution of β-catenin as relative immunofluorescence intensity ( -axis) along the distance in pixel ( -axis). Scale bars represent 10 μm. Bar graphs representing the nuclear to cytosolic ratio of β-catenin immunofluorescence (b); values ± SEM; from 3 independent experiments, calculated from 3 different images of each experiment; ; compared to CTRL.

We are committed to sharing findings related to COVID-19 as quickly and safely as possible. Any author submitting a COVID-19 paper should notify us at to ensure their research is fast-tracked and made available on a preprint server as soon as possible. We will be providing unlimited waivers of publication charges for accepted articles related to COVID-19. Sign up here as a reviewer to help fast-track new submissions.