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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013, Article ID 329139, 15 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/329139
Review Article

Emerging Stem Cell Controls: Nanomaterials and Plasma Effects

1CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, P.O. Box 218, Lindfield, NSW 2070, Australia
2Complex Systems, School of Physics, The University of Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
3CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, Private Bag 33, Clayton, VIC 3169, Australia
4The Australian Regenerative Medicine Institute, Monash University, VIC 3168, Australia

Received 9 September 2013; Accepted 9 October 2013

Academic Editor: Krasimir Vasilev

Copyright © 2013 F. F. Borghi et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Stem cells (SC) are among the most promising cell sources for tissue engineering due to their ability to self-renew and differentiate, properties that underpin their clinical application in tissue regeneration. As such, control of SC fate is one of the most crucial issues that needs to be fully understood to realise their tremendous potential in regenerative biology. The use of functionalized nanostructured materials (NM) to control the microscale regulation of SC has offered a number of new features and opportunities for regulating SC. However, fabricating and modifying such NM to induce specific SC response still represent a significant scientific and technological challenge. Due to their versatility, plasmas are particularly attractive for the manufacturing and modification of tailored nanostructured surfaces for stem cell control. In this review, we briefly describe the biological role of SC and the mechanisms by which they are controlled and then highlight the benefits of using a range of nanomaterials to control the fate of SC. We then discuss how plasma nanoscience research can help produce/functionalise these NMs for more effective and specific interaction with SCs. The review concludes with a perspective on the advantages and challenges of research at the intersection between plasma physics, materials science, nanoscience, and SC biology.