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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 373959, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/373959
Research Article

The Insulation Properties of Oil-Impregnated Insulation Paper Reinforced with Nano-TiO2

1State Key Laboratory of Power Transmission Equipment & System Security and New Technology, Chongqing University, Shapingba District, Chongqing 400044, China
2FREEDM Systems Center, Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC 27606, USA
3College of Engineering and Technology, Southwest University, Beibei District, Chongqing 400715, China

Received 13 September 2013; Accepted 1 October 2013

Academic Editor: Wenjie Mai

Copyright © 2013 Ruijin Liao et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Oil-impregnated insulation paper has been widely used in transformers because of its low cost and desirable physical and electrical properties. However, research to improve the insulation properties of oil-impregnated insulation paper is rarely found. In this paper, nano-TiO2 was used to stick to the surface of cellulose which was used to make insulation paper. After oil-impregnated insulation paper reinforced by nano-TiO2 was prepared, the tensile strength, breakdown strength, and dielectric properties of the oil-impregnated insulation paper were investigated to determine whether the modified paper had a better insulation performance. The results show that there were no major changes in tensile strength, and the value of the breakdown strength was greatly improved from 51.13 kV/mm to 61.78 kV/mm. Also, the values of the relative dielectric constant, the dielectric loss, and conductivity declined. The discussion reveals that nano-TiO2 plays a major role in the phenomenon. Because of the existence of nano-TiO2, the contact interface of cellulose and oil was changed, and a large number of shallow traps were produced. These shallow traps changed the insulation properties of oil-impregnated insulation paper. The results show that the proposed solution offers a new method to improve the properties of oil-impregnated insulation paper.