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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013, Article ID 612153, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/612153
Research Article

Electronic Structures and Optical Properties of Phenyl C71 Butyric Acid Methyl Esters

1Department of Applied Physics, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China
2State Key Laboratory of Gansu Advanced Non-Ferrous Metal Materials, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu 730050, China
3Gansu Computing Center, Lanzhou, Gansu 730030, China
4Department of Physics, Lanzhou City University, Lanzhou 730070, China

Received 20 September 2013; Accepted 11 November 2013

Academic Editor: Jinlong Jiang

Copyright © 2013 Cai-Rong Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Phenyl C71 butyric acid methyl ester (PC71BM) has been adopted as electron acceptor materials in bulk heterojunction solar cells with relatively higher power conversion efficiency. The understanding of the mechanism and performance for the devices based upon PC71BM requires the information of conformations, electronic structures, optical properties, and so forth. Here, the geometries, IR and Raman, electronic structures, polarizabilities, and hyperpolarizabilities of PC71BM isomers are studied by using density functional theory (DFT); the absorption and excitation properties are investigated via time-dependent DFT with B3LYP, PBE0, and CAM-B3LYP functionals. The calculated results show that [6,6]PC71BM is more stable than [5,6]PC71BM due to the lower total energy. The vibrational modes of the isomers at IR and Raman peaks are quite similar. As to absorption properties, CAM-B3LYP functional is the suitable functional for describing the excitations of PC71BM because the calculated results with CAM-B3LYP functional agree well with that of the experiment. The analysis of transition configurations and molecular orbitals demonstrated that the transitions at the absorption maxima in UV/Vis region are localized transitions in fullerenes cages. Furthermore, the larger isotropic polarizability of PC71BM indicates that the response of PC71BM to applied external electric field is stronger than that of PC61BM, and therefore resulting into better nonlinear optical properties.