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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013, Article ID 815384, 6 pages
Research Article

Nanocrystallization of Coarse Primary Phases in Al- and Mg-Based Alloys Induced by HCPEB Treatment

School of Materials and Metallurgy, Northeastern University, Shenyang 110004, China

Received 12 April 2013; Accepted 26 May 2013

Academic Editor: Yogendra Mishra

Copyright © 2013 Gao Bo et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


This paper reports on a phenomenon associated with high-current pulsed electron beam (HCPEB) treatment: surface nanocrystallization of coarse primary phase in hypereutectic Al17.5Si and quasicrystal alloys after multiple pulses of HCPEB irradiation. The HCPEB treatment induces superfast heating and diffusion of alloying elements and heterogeneous nucleation in a melting solution, followed by rapid solidification and cooling of the material surfaces. Consequently, nanostructured surface layers can be achieved easily. Nano-Si phase and nano-quasicrystal phase formation on the modified surface layer of hypereutectic Al17.5Si alloy and quasicrystal alloy (Mg37Zn60Y3) show a potential for surface nanocrystallization of materials with enhanced properties by HCPEB treatment.