Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013, Article ID 917948, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/917948
Research Article

Photocatalytic and Magnetic Behaviors Observed in BiFeO3 Nanofibers by Electrospinning

1State Key Laboratory of New Ceramics and Fine Processing, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
3Department of Cardiology, Beijing Hospital, The Ministry of Health, Beijing 100730, China

Received 4 May 2013; Accepted 31 May 2013

Academic Editor: Jiamin Wu

Copyright © 2013 Xuehui Zhang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Fiebig, T. Lottermoser, D. Fröhlich, A. V. Goltsev, and R. V. Pisarev, “Observation of coupled magnetic and electric domains,” Nature, vol. 419, no. 6909, pp. 818–820, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. J. Wang, J. B. Neaton, H. Zheng et al., “Epitaxial BiFeO3 multiferroic thin film heterostructures,” Science, vol. 299, no. 5613, pp. 1719–1722, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. Y. Yang, J. Seidel, S. J. Byrnes et al., “Above-bandgap voltages from ferroelectric photovoltaic devices,” Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 143–147, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. A. Fujishima and K. Honda, “Electrochemical photolysis of water at a semiconductor electrode,” Nature, vol. 238, no. 5358, pp. 37–38, 1972. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. F. Gao, Y. Yuan, K. F. Wang et al., “Preparation and photoabsorption characterization BiFeO3 nanowires,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 89, no. 10, Article ID 102506, pp. 2506–2508, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. Gao, X. Chen, K. Yin et al., “Visible-light photocatalytic properties of weak magnetic BiFeO3 nanoparticles,” Advanced Materials, vol. 19, no. 19, pp. 2889–2892, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. S. Li, Y. Lin, B. Zhang, C. Nan, and Y. Wang, “Photocatalytic and magnetic behaviors observed in nanostructured BiFeO3 particles,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 105, no. 5, Article ID 056105, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. S. Li, Y. Lin, B. Zhang, Y. Wang, and C. Nan, “Controlled fabrication of BiFeO3 uniform microcrystals and their magnetic and photocatalytic behaviors,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 114, no. 7, pp. 2903–2908, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. Y. G. Wang, G. Xu, Z. H. Ren et al., “Mineralizer-assisted hydrothermal synthesis and characterization of BiFeO3 nanoparticles,” Journal of the American Ceramic Society, vol. 90, no. 8, pp. 2615–2617, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. U. A. Joshi, J. S. Jang, P. H. Borse, and J. S. Lee, “Microwave synthesis of single-crystalline perovskite BiFeO3 nanocubes for photoelectrode and photocatalytic applications,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 92, no. 24, Article ID 242106, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Chen, X. R. Xing, A. Watson et al., “Rapid synthesis of multiferroic BiFeO3 single-crystalline nanostructures,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 19, no. 15, pp. 3598–3600, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. J. Wei, D. S. Xue, and Y. Xu, “Photoabsorption characterization and magnetic property of multiferroic BiFeO3 nanotubes synthesized by a facile sol-gel template process,” Scripta Materialia, vol. 58, no. 1, pp. 45–48, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. X. Y. Zhang, C. W. Lai, X. Zhao, D. Y. Wang, and J. Y. Dai, “Synthesis and ferroelectric properties of multiferroic BiFeO3 nanotube arrays,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 87, no. 14, Article ID 143102, pp. 1–3, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. X. Y. Zhang, J. Y. Dai, and C. W. Lai, “Synthesis and characterization of highly ordered BiFeO3 multiferroic nanowire arrays,” Progress in Solid State Chemistry, vol. 33, no. 2–4, pp. 147–151, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. F. Gao, Y. Yuan, K. F. Wang et al., “Preparation and photoabsorption characterization BiFeO3 nanowires,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 89, no. 10, Article ID 102506, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. E. Zussman, A. Theron, and A. L. Yarin, “Formation of nanofiber crossbars in electrospinning,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 82, no. 6, pp. 973–975, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Y. Dzenis, “Spinning continuous fibers for nanotechnology,” Science, vol. 304, no. 5679, pp. 1917–1919, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. D. Li and Y. Xia, “Electrospinning of nanofibers: reinventing the wheel?” Advanced Materials, vol. 16, no. 14, pp. 1151–1170, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. S. H. Xie, J. Y. Li, R. Proksch et al., “Nanocrystalline multiferroic BiFeO3 ultrafine fibers by sol-gel based electrospinning,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 93, no. 22, Article ID 222904, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Baji, Y. Mai, Q. Li, S. Wong, Y. Liu, and Q. W. Yao, “One-dimensional multiferroic bismuth ferrite fibers obtained by electrospinning techniques,” Nanotechnology, vol. 22, no. 23, Article ID 235702, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. J. H. Song, J. H. Nam, J. H. Cho, B. Kim, M. Chun, and D. Choi, “Microstructures and multiferroic properties of electrospun BiFeO3 nanofibers,” Journal of the Korean Physical Society, vol. 59, no. 3, pp. 2308–2312, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. L. Wei Wang, Y. Chi, Y. J. Li, W. F. Yan, X. T. Li, and C. L. Shao, “Electrospinning of magnetical bismuth ferrite nanofibers with photocatalytic activity,” Ceramics International, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 3511–3518, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  23. P. M. Shaibani, K. Prashanthi, A. Sohrabi, and T. Thundat, “Photocatalytic BiFeO3 nanofibrous mats for effective water treatment,” Journal of Nanotechnology, vol. 2013, Article ID 939531, 6 pages, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. Y. Wang, Q. Jiang, H. He, and C. Nan, “Multiferroic BiFeO3 thin films prepared via a simple sol-gel method,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 88, no. 14, Article ID 142503, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. S. Li, Y. Lin, B. Zhang, Y. Wang, and C. Nan, “Controlled fabrication of BiFeO3 uniform microcrystals and their magnetic and photocatalytic behaviors,” Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 114, no. 7, pp. 2903–2908, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. Y. Wang and C. Nan, “Site modification in BiFeO3 thin films studied by Raman spectroscopy and piezoelectric force microscopy,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 103, no. 11, Article ID 114104, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. C.-W. Nan and Y. Wang, “Site modification in BiFeO3 thin films studied by Raman spectroscopy and piezoelectric force microscopy,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 103, no. 11, Article ID 114104, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. S. V. Fridrikh, J. H. Yu, M. P. Brenner, and G. C. Rutledge, “Controlling the fiber diameter during electrospinning,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 90, no. 14, Article ID 144502, pp. 1–4, 2003. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. R. Guo, L. Fang, W. Dong, F. Zheng, and M. Shen, “Magnetically separable BiFeO3 nanoparticles with a γ-Fe2O3 parasitic phase: controlled fabrication and enhanced visible-light photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 21, no. 46, pp. 645–652, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  30. V. I. Klimov, S. A. Ivanov, J. Nanda et al., “Single-exciton optical gain in semiconductor nanocrystals,” Nature, vol. 447, no. 7143, pp. 441–446, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. W. W.-F. Leung and C. C. Pei, “Enhanced photocatalytic activity of electrospun TiO2/ZnO nanofibers with optimal anatase/rutile ratio,” Catalysis Communications, vol. 37, pp. 100–104, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  32. M. A. Butler, “Photoelectrolysis and physical properties of the semiconducting electrode WO2,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1914–1920, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. J. Hauser, J. Zhang, L. Mier et al., “Characterization of electronic structure and defect states of thin epitaxial BiFeO3 films by UV-visible absorption and cathodoluminescence spectroscopies,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 92, no. 22, Article ID 222901, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. K. Takahashi, N. Kida, and M. Tonouchi, “Terahertz radiation by an ultrafast spontaneous polarization modulation of multiferroic BiFeO3 thin films,” Physical Review Letters, vol. 96, no. 11, Article ID 117402, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. B. B. Kale, J. Baeg, S. M. Lee, H. Chang, S. Moon, and C. W. Lee, “CdIn2S4 nanotubes and “marigold” nanostructures: a visible-light photocatalyst,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 1349–1354, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. Q. Liu, Y. Zhou, J. Kou et al., “High-yield synthesis of ultralong and ultrathin Zn2GeO4 nanoribbons toward improved photocatalytic reduction of CO2 into renewable hydrocarbon fuel,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 132, no. 41, pp. 14385–14387, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  37. L. W. Martin, S. P. Crane, Y.-H. Chu et al., “Multiferroics and magnetoelectrics: thin films and nanostructures,” Journal of Physics Condensed Matter, vol. 20, no. 43, Article ID 434220, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. F. Kubel and H. Schmid, “Structure of a ferroelectric and ferroelastic monodomain crystal of the perovskite BiFeO3,” Acta Crystallographica Section B, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 698–702, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  39. A. V. Zalesskii, A. K. Zvezdin, A. A. Frolov, and A. A. Bush, “57Fe NMR study of a spatially modulated magnetic structure in BiFeO3,” JETP Letters, vol. 71, no. 11, pp. 465–468, 2000. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus