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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2013 (2013), Article ID 936838, 5 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2013/936838
Research Article

Preparation and Performance of cis-Polybutadiene Rubber Composite Materials Reinforced by Organic Modified Palygorskite Nanomaterials

1Institute of Power Source & Ecomaterials Science, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300130, China
2Key Laboratory for Palygorskite Science and Applied Technology of Jiangsu Province, Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huai'an 223003, China
3Qian'an College, Hebei United University, Tangshan 064400, China

Received 24 September 2013; Accepted 2 November 2013

Academic Editor: Jianping Xie

Copyright © 2013 Fei Wang et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The hydrophilic character of palygorskite has been modified by grafting organic group and controlling surface energy for improving compatibility of palygorskite in rubber matrix using palygorskite as cis-polybutadiene rubber fillers. The effects of coupling modification on the performance of cis-polybutadiene rubber materials filled with palygorskite were investigated, and the influence of coupling agent dosage on their mechanical properties was also studied. The results indicated that the mechanical performance of cis-polybutadiene rubber materials reinforced by modified palygorskite could be improved significantly, and the tensile strength and tearing strength increased by 122.5% and 107.6% at the optimal dosage (15%) of coupling agent 3-mercaptopropyl trimethoxysilane. Moreover, the reinforcement mechanism of rubber composite materials as prepared was also analyzed.