Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 101958, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/101958
Research Article

Metallurgical Mechanism and Optical Properties of CuSnZnSSe Powders Using a 2-Step Sintering Process

1Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Center for Micro/Nano Science and Engineering, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan
2The Instrument Center, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan 701, Taiwan

Received 3 April 2014; Accepted 14 May 2014; Published 5 June 2014

Academic Editor: Liang-Wen Ji

Copyright © 2014 Tai-Hsiang Liu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. V. Moholkar, S. S. Shinde, A. R. Babar et al., “Synthesis and characterization of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films grown by PLD: solar cells,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509, no. 27, pp. 7439–7446, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. Wang and H. Gong, “Cu2ZnSnS4 synthesized through a green and economic process,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509, no. 40, pp. 9627–9630, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. T. Prabhakar and N. Jampana, “Effect of sodium diffusion on the structural and electrical properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 1001–1004, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. K. Tanaka, Y. Fukui, N. Moritake, and H. Uchiki, “Chemical composition dependence of morphological and optical properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films deposited by sol-gel sulfurization and Cu2ZnSnS4 thin film solar cell efficiency,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 95, no. 3, pp. 838–842, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. L. Sun, J. He, H. Kong, F. Yue, P. Yang, and J. Chu, “Structure, composition and optical properties of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin films deposited by Pulsed Laser Deposition method,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 95, no. 10, pp. 2907–2913, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. A. Nagaoka, K. Yoshino, H. Taniguchi, T. Taniyama, and H. Miyake, “Preparation of Cu2ZnSnS4 single crystals from Sn solutions,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 341, no. 1, pp. 38–41, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. C.-H. Wang, F.-Y. Hung, T.-S. Lui, and L.-H. Chen, “The charge-discharge characteristics of woody carbon modified with Fe3O4 nano phase using the hydrothermal method,” Materials Transactions, vol. 51, no. 1, pp. 186–191, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Z.-S. Hu, F.-Y. Hung, S.-J. Chang et al., “Effects of Ag nanoshape and AgGa phase in Ag-Si nanostructure using 2-step etching process,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509, no. 3, pp. 758–763, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. P. K. Sarswat, M. Snure, M. L. Free, and A. Tiwari, “CZTS thin films on transparent conducting electrodes by electrochemical technique,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 520, no. 6, pp. 1694–1697, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. M. Kauk, K. Muska, M. Altosaar et al., “Effects of sulphur and tin disulphide vapour treatments of Cu2ZnSnS(Se)4 absorber materials for monograin solar cells,” Energy Procedia, vol. 10, pp. 197–202, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. G. Zha, W. Jie, T. Tan, and X. Wang, “Effect of surface treatments on the electrical and optical properties of CdZnTe single crystal,” Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, vol. 566, no. 2, pp. 495–499, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. D. B. Mitzi, O. Gunawan, T. K. Todorov, K. Wang, and S. Guha, “The path towards a high-performance solution-processed kesterite solar cell,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 95, no. 6, pp. 1421–1436, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. J. Chen, F. Y. Hung, S. J. Chang, and Z. S. Hu, “The crystallized mechanism and optical properties of sol-gel synthesized ZnO nanowires,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 157, no. 3, pp. H241–H245, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. M. Grossberg, J. Krustok, J. Raudoja, K. Timmo, M. Altosaar, and T. Raadik, “Photoluminescence and Raman study of Cu2ZnSn(SexS1-x)4 monograins for photovoltaic applications,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 519, no. 21, pp. 7403–7406, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. R. Bacewicz, W. Gebicki, and J. Filipowicz, “Raman scattering in CuInS2xSe2(1-x) mixed crystals,” Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter, vol. 6, no. 49, article 003, pp. L777–L780, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. N. M. Shinde, R. J. Deokate, and C. D. Lokhande, “Properties of spray deposited Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin films,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 100, pp. 12–16, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. S. W. Shin, J. H. Han, C. Y. Park, A. V. Moholkar, J. Y. Lee, and J. H. Kim, “Quaternary Cu2ZnSnS4 nanocrystals: facile and low cost synthesis by microwave-assisted solution method,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 516, pp. 96–101, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N. M. Shinde, P. R. Deshmukh, S. V. Patil, and C. D. Lokhande, “Aqueous chemical growth of Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) thin films: air annealing and photoelectrochemical properties,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 48, no. 5, pp. 1760–1766, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. H. Yoo, J. Kim, and L. Zhang, “Sulfurization temperature effects on the growth of Cu2ZnSnS4 thin film,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 1052–1057, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus