Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 104136, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/104136
Research Article

Improvement of Short-Circuit Current Density in p-O:Li/n-Si Heterojunction Solar Cells by Wet Chemical Etching

1Department of Electrical Engineering, Institute of Microelectronics, National Cheng Kung University, No. 1 Dasyue Road, East District, Tainan City 701, Taiwan
2Department of Electronic Engineering, Cheng Shiu University, 840 Chengcing Road, Niaosong District, Kaohsiung City 833, Taiwan

Received 15 June 2014; Accepted 26 August 2014; Published 21 September 2014

Academic Editor: Chien-Jung Huang

Copyright © 2014 Feng-Hao Hsu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. M. Taguchi, K. Kawamoto, S. Tsuge et al., “HITTM cells—high-efficiency crystalline Si cells with novel structure,” Progress in Photovoltaics, vol. 8, pp. 503–513, 2000. View at Google Scholar
  2. Y. Tsunomura, Y. Yoshimine, M. Taguchi et al., “Twenty-two percent efficiency HIT solar cell,” Solar Energy Materials & Solar Cells, vol. 93, no. 6-7, pp. 670–673, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J. C. Manifacier and L. Szepessy, “Efficient sprayed In2O3: Sn n-type silicon heterojunction solar cell,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 459–462, 1977. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. F.-H. Hsu, N.-F. Wang, Y.-Z. Tsai, and M.-P. Houng, “A novel Al and Y codoped ZnO/n-Si heterojunction solar cells fabricated by pulsed laser deposition,” Solar Energy, vol. 86, no. 11, pp. 3146–3152, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. H.-W. Fang, T.-E. Hsieh, and J.-Y. Juang, “Influences of SiOx layer thickness on the characteristics of In-Zn-O/SiOx/n-Si hetero-junction structure solar cells,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 231, pp. 214–218, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. H. Kobayashi, S. Tachibana, K. Yamanaka, Y. Nakato, and K. Yoneda, “Improvement of “indium-tin-oxide/silicon oxide/n-Si” junction solar cell characteristics by cyanide treatment,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 81, no. 11, pp. 7630–7634, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  7. O. Malik, F. J. de la Hidalga-W, C. Zúñiga-I, and G. Ruiz-T, “Efficient ITO-Si solar cells and power modules fabricated with a low temperature technology: results and perspectives,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 354, no. 19–25, pp. 2472–2477, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. D. Song, A. G. Aberle, and J. Xia, “Optimisation of ZnO:Al films by change of sputter gas pressure for solar cell application,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 195, no. 1–4, pp. 291–296, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. F.-H. Hsu, N.-F. Wang, Y.-Z. Tsai, M.-C. Chuang, Y.-S. Cheng, and M.-P. Houng, “Study of working pressure on the optoelectrical properties of Al-Y codoped ZnO thin-film deposited using DC magnetron sputtering for solar cell applications,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 280, pp. 104–108, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. H. Iimoiri, S. Yamane, T. Kitamura, K. Murakoshi, A. Imanishi, and Y. Nakato, “High photovoltage generation at minority-carrier controlled n-Si/p-CuI heterojunction with morphologically soft CuI,” The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 30, pp. 11586–11590, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. N. Gupta, R. Singh, F. Wu et al., “Deposition and characterization of nanostructured Cu2O thin-film for potential photovoltaic applications,” Journal of Materials Research, vol. 28, no. 13, pp. 1740–1746, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. F. Gao, X.-J. Liu, J.-S. Zhang, M.-Z. Song, and N. Li, “Photovoltaic properties of the p-CuO/n-Si heterojunction prepared through reactive magnetron sputtering,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 111, no. 8, Article ID 084507, pp. 084507-1–084507-4, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. K. V. Rajani, S. Daniels, M. Rahman, A. Cowley, and P. J. McNally, “Deposition of earth-abundant p-type CuBr films with high hole conductivity and realization of p-CuBr/n-Si heterojunction solar cell,” Materials Letters, vol. 111, pp. 63–66, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. F. H. Hsu, N. F. Wang, Y. Z. Tsai, Y. S. Cheng, and M. P. Houng, “A new p-Ni1-xO : Li/n-Si heterojunction solar cell fabricated by RF magnetron sputtering,” Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 46, no. 27, Article ID 275104, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. M. Berginski, J. Hüpkes, M. Schulte et al., “The effect of front ZnO:Al surface texture and optical transparency on efficient light trapping in silicon thin-film solar cells,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 101, no. 7, Article ID 074903, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. J. Springer, B. Rech, J. Müller, and M. Vanecek, “TCO and light trapping in silicon thin film solar cells,” Solar Energy, vol. 77, no. 6, pp. 917–930, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. P. A. Basore, “Numerical modeling of textured silicon solar cells using PC-1D,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 37, no. 2, pp. 337–343, 1990. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. N.-F. Wang, Y.-Z. Tsai, and F.-H. Hsu, “Effect of surface texture on Al-Y codoped ZnO/n-Si heterojunction solar cells,” IEEE Transactions on Electron Devices, vol. 60, no. 12, pp. 4073–4078, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. X. Yu, J. Ma, F. Ji et al., “Effects of sputtering power on the properties of ZnO:Ga films deposited by r.f. magnetron-sputtering at low temperature,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 274, no. 3-4, pp. 474–479, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. Y. Zhou, D. Gu, Y. Geng, and F. Gan, “Thermal, structural and optical properties of NiOx thin films deposited by reactive dc-magnetron sputtering,” Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology, vol. 135, no. 2, pp. 125–128, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Majumdar and P. Banerji, “Temperature dependent electrical transport in p-ZnO/n-Si heterojunction formed by pulsed laser deposition,” Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 105, no. 4, Article ID 043704, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. R. K. Gupta, K. Ghosh, and P. K. Kahol, “Fabrication and characterization of NiO/ZnO p-n junctions by pulsed laser deposition,” Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 617–620, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. J. Zhu, C.-M. Hsu, Z. Yu, S. Fan, and Y. Cui, “Nanodome solar cells with efficient light management and self-cleaning,” Nano Letters, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 1979–1984, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. T. Dhakal, A. S. Nandur, R. Christian et al., “Transmittance from visible to mid infra-red in AZO films grown by atomic layer deposition system,” Solar Energy, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 1306–1312, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. J. L. Zhao, X. W. Sun, H. Ryu, and Y. B. Moon, “Thermally stable transparent conducting and highly infrared reflective Ga-doped ZnO thin films by metal organic chemical vapor deposition,” Optical Materials, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 768–772, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. H. Kim, A. Piqué, J. S. Horwitz et al., “Effect of aluminum doping on zinc oxide thin films grown by pulsed laser deposition for organic light-emitting devices,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 377-378, pp. 798–802, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. W. T. Yen, Y. C. Lin, and J. H. Ke, “Surface textured ZnO:Al thin films by pulsed DC magnetron sputtering for thin film solar cells applications,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 257, no. 3, pp. 960–968, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus