Journal of Nanomaterials / 2014 / Article / Tab 2

Research Article

Nanofer ZVI: Morphology, Particle Characteristics, Kinetics, and Applications

Table 2

Metal ion characteristics [18, 19].

Characteristics Metals
Cu (II) Pb (II)Cd (II)

Hydrated radius ( )4.19 4.01 4.26
Ionic radius (A) 0.72 1.2 0.97
Electronegativity 1.8 1.6 1.5
Polarization 6.1 6.8 7.2
Electron configuration4s 3d
1B
6s 4f 5d 6p
4A
5s 4d
2B