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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 289108, 16 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/289108
Review Article

A Review on the Study of the Generation of (Nano)particles Aerosols during the Mechanical Solicitation of Materials

1DRC/CARA/NOVA, Institut National de l’Environnement Industriel et des Risques (INERIS), Parc Technologique Alata BP 2, 60550 Verneuil-en-Halatte, France
2Université de Technologie de Compiègne (UTC), rue Roger Coutollenc, 60200 Compiègne, France

Received 26 April 2013; Accepted 17 December 2013; Published 28 January 2014

Academic Editor: Yanbao Zhao

Copyright © 2014 Neeraj Shandilya et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

This paper focuses on presenting the forefront of the interdisciplinary studies conceived towards the generation of the wear particles aerosol when materials are subjected to mechanical stresses. Various wear mechanisms and instrumentation involved during stress application and aerosolization of wear particles, as well as particles characterization, measurement, and modeling techniques are presented through the investigation of a series of contextual works which are emphasized on the identification of these aspects. The review is motivated from the fact that understanding mechanisms involved in wear-induced particle generation, both at nano- and at microscale, is important for many applications that involve surfaces sliding over each other due to various potential health aspects. An attempt has been made to explain how the information based on this broad spectrum of subjects discovered in this contribution can be used and improved in order to produce a more resilient, rational, and versatile knowledge base which has been found lacking in the present literature during its survey. The area of study is highly multidisciplinary since it involves aerosol, particle, and material sciences.