Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 367529, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/367529
Research Article

Synthesis and Characterization of Europium-Doped Zinc Oxide Photocatalyst

1Department of Materials Science and Technology, Faculty of Science, Prince of Songkla University, Hat Yai, Songkhla 90112, Thailand
2Department of Physics and Materials Science, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand
3Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai 50200, Thailand

Received 1 January 2014; Accepted 20 February 2014; Published 27 March 2014

Academic Editor: Abdelwahab Omri

Copyright © 2014 Anukorn Phuruangrat et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. Tian, L. Zhang, and J. Zhang, “A superior visible light-driven photocatalyst: europium-doped bismuth tungstate hierarchical microspheres,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 537, pp. 24–28, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  2. J. Xu, Y. Ao, D. Fu, and C. Yuan, “A simple route for the preparation of Eu, N-codoped TiO2 nanoparticles with enhanced visible light-induced photocatalytic activity,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 328, no. 2, pp. 447–451, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. J.-H. Sun, S.-Y. Dong, Y.-K. Wang, and S.-P. Sun, “Preparation and photocatalytic property of a novel dumbbell-shaped ZnO microcrystal photocatalyst,” Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol. 172, no. 2-3, pp. 1520–1526, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. M. Faisal, S. B. Khan, M. M. Rahman, A. Jamal, and M. M. Abdullah, “Fabrication of ZnO nanoparticles based sensitive methanol sensor and efficient photocatalyst,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 258, pp. 7515–7522, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. B. Khan, M. Faisal, M. M. Rahman, and A. Jamal, “Low-temperature growth of ZnO nanoparticles: photocatalyst and acetone sensor,” Talanta, vol. 85, no. 2, pp. 943–949, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. M. Khatamian, A. A. Khandar, B. Divband, M. Haghighi, and S. Ebrahimiasl, “Heterogeneous photocatalytic degradation of 4-nitrophenol in aqueous suspension by Ln (La3+, Nd3+ or Sm3+) doped ZnO nanoparticles,” Journal of Molecular Catalysis A, vol. 365, pp. 120–127, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  7. J. Li, G. Lu, Y. Wang, Y. Guo, and Y. Guo, “A high activity photocatalyst of hierarchical 3D flowerlike ZnO microspheres: synthesis, characterization and catalytic activity,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 377, pp. 191–196, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. J. C. Sin, S. M. Lam, K. T. Lee, and A. R. Mohamed, “Photocatalytic performance of novel samarium-doped spherical-like ZnO hierarchical nanostructures under visible light irradiation for 2, 4-dichlorophenol degradation,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 401, pp. 40–49, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  9. Y. Liu, H. Lv, S. Li, X. Xing, and G. Xi, “Preparation and photocatalytic property of hexagonal cylinder-like bipods ZnO microcrystal photocatalyst,” Dyes and Pigments, vol. 95, Article ID 443e449, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  10. Q. I. Rahman, M. Ahmad, S. K. Misra, and M. B. Lohani, “Hexagonal ZnO nanorods assembled flowers for photocatalytic dye degradation: growth, structural and optical properties,” Superlattices and Microstructures, vol. 64, pp. 495–506, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  11. F. Xu, J. Chen, L. Guo, S. Lei, and Y. Ni, “In situ electrochemically etching-derived ZnO nanotube arrays for highly efficient and facilely recyclable photocatalyst,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 258, pp. 8160–8165, 2012. View at Google Scholar
  12. C. C. Lin and L. J. Hsu, “Removal of polyvinyl alcohol from aqueous solutions using P-25 TiO2 and ZnO photocataysts: a comparative study,” Powder Technology, vol. 246, pp. 351–355, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  13. O. Yayapao, S. Thongtem, A. Phuruangrat, and T. Thongtem, “Sonochemical synthesis, photocatalysis and photonic properties of 3% Ce-doped ZnO nanoneedles,” Ceramics International, vol. 39, pp. S563–S568, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  14. O. Yayapao, T. Thongtem, A. Phuruangrat, and S. Thongtem, “Ultrasonic-assisted synthesis of Nd-doped ZnO for photocatalysis,” Materials Letters, vol. 90, pp. 83–86, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  15. O. Yayapao, T. Thongtem, A. Phuruangrat, and S. Thongtem, “Sonochemical synthesis of Dy-doped ZnO nanostructures and their photocatalytic properties,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 576, pp. 72–79, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  16. S. Yao, C. Sui, and Z. Shi, “Preparation and characterization of visible-light-driven europium doped mesoporous titania photocatalyst,” Journal of Rare Earths, vol. 29, no. 10, pp. 929–933, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. Powder Diffract, “File, JCPDS Internat,” Centre Diffract, Data, PA, 19073-3273, USA, 2001.
  18. J. Yang, X. Li, J. Lang et al., “Synthesis and optical properties of Eu-doped ZnO nanosheets by hydrothermal method,” Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, vol. 14, no. 3-4, pp. 247–252, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. Wang, C. Huang, Z. Huang et al., “Synthesis and photoluminescence of Eu-doped ZnO microrods prepared by hydrothermal method,” Optical Materials, vol. 31, no. 10, pp. 1502–1505, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. S. Husain, L. A. Alkhtaby, E. Giorgetti, A. Zoppi, and M. M. Miranda, “Effect of Mn doping on structural and optical properties of sol gel derived ZnO nanoparticles,” Journal of Luminescence, vol. 145, pp. 132–137, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  21. P. S. Kumar, P. Paik, A. D. Raj et al., “Biodegradability study and pH influence on growth and orientation of ZnO nanorods via aqueous solution process,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 258, pp. 6765–6771, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. N. K. Hassan and M. R. Hashim, “Flake-like ZnO nanostructures density for improved absorption using electrochemical deposition in UV detection,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 577, pp. 491–497, 2013. View at Google Scholar
  23. D. Chu, Y. Zeng, and D. Jiang, “Controlled growth and properties of Pb2+ doped ZnO nanodisks,” Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 42, no. 5, pp. 814–819, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. C. X. Xu, G. P. Zhu, J. Kasim et al., “Spatial distribution of defect in ZnO nanodisks,” Current Applied Physics, vol. 9, no. 3, pp. 573–576, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  25. M. Wang, S. H. Hahn, J. S. Kim, J. S. Chung, E. J. Kim, and K.-K. Koo, “Solvent-controlled crystallization of zinc oxide nano(micro)disks,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 310, no. 6, pp. 1213–1219, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. X. Xu, X. W. Sun, Z. L. Dong, and M. B. Yu, “Zinc oxide nanodlsk,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 85, no. 17, pp. 3878–3880, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. P. Mohanty, B. Kim, and J. Park, “Synthesis of single crystalline europium-doped ZnO nanowires,” Materials Science and Engineering B: Solid-State Materials for Advanced Technology, vol. 138, no. 3, pp. 224–227, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  28. D. D. Wang, G. Z. Xing, J. H. Yang et al., “Dependence of energy transfer and photoluminescence on tailored defects in Eu-doped ZnO nanosheets-based microflowers,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 504, no. 1, pp. 22–26, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. J. Sin, S. Lam, I. Satoshi, K. Lee, and A. R. Mohamed, “Sunlight photocatalytic activity enhancement and mechanism ofnovel europium-doped ZnO hierarchical micro/nanospheres fordegradation of phenol,” Applied Catalysis B, vol. 148-149, pp. 258–268, 2014. View at Google Scholar