Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 540276, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/540276
Research Article

Anticorrosive Properties of Poly(o-phenylenediamine)/ZnO Nanocomposites Coated Stainless Steel

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University P.O. Box 42805, Jeddah 21551, Saudi Arabia

Received 21 February 2014; Accepted 8 April 2014; Published 29 April 2014

Academic Editor: John Z. Guo

Copyright © 2014 Aisha Ganash. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. A. Olad and B. Naseri, “Preparation, characterization and anticorrosive properties of a novel polyaniline/clinoptilolite nanocomposite,” Progress in Organic Coatings, vol. 67, no. 3, pp. 233–238, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. R. Manickavasagam, K. J. Karthik, M. Paramasivam, and S. V. Iyer, “Poly(styrene sulphonic acid)-doped polyaniline as an inhibitor for the corrosion of mild steel in hydrochloric acid,” Anti-Corrosion Methods and Materials, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 19–26, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. D. Sazou, “Electrodeposition of ring-substituted polyanilines on Fe surfaces from aqueous oxalic acid solutions and corrosion protection of Fe,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 118, no. 1-3, pp. 133–147, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. U. Rammelt, P. T. Nguyen, and W. Plieth, “Protection of mild steel by modification with thin films of polymethylthiophene,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 46, no. 26-27, pp. 4251–4257, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. S. S. Abd El Rehim, S. M. Sayyah, M. M. El-Deeb, S. M. Kamal, and R. E. Azooz, “Poly(o-phenylenediamine) as an inhibitor of mild steel corrosion in HCl solution,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 123, no. 1, pp. 20–27, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. Tüken, G. Tansuǧ, B. Yazici, and M. Erbil, “Poly(N-methyl pyrrole) and its copolymer with pyrrole for mild steel protection,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 202, no. 1, pp. 146–154, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. V. Patil, S. R. Sainkar, and P. P. Patil, “Growth of poly(2,5-dimethoxyaniline) coatings on low carbon steel,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 140, no. 1, pp. 57–63, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Muthirulan and N. Rajendran, “Poly(o-phenylenediamine) coatings on mild steel: electrosynthesis, characterization and its corrosion protection ability in acid medium,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 206, no. 8-9, pp. 2072–2078, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. A. Hermas, Z. X. Wu, M. Nakayama, and K. Ogura, “Passivation of stainless steel by coating with poly (o -phenylenediamine) conductive polymer,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 153, no. 6, pp. B199–B205, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. L. F. D'Elia, R. L. Ortíz, O. P. Márquez, J. Márquez, and Y. Martínez, “Electrochemical deposition of poly(o-phenylenediamine) films on type 304 stainless steel,” Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 148, no. 4, pp. C297–C300, 2001. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  11. R. Mazeikiene and A. Malinauskas, “The stability of poly(o-phenylenediamine) as an electrode material,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 128, no. 2, pp. 121–125, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. M. Düdükcü, “The electrochemical synthesis of poly(o-phenylenediamine) on stainless steel and its corrosion protection ability in 3. 5 % NaCl solution,” Research on Chemical Intermediates, vol. 39, no. 8, pp. 3641–3647, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. R. Gangopadhyay and A. De, “Conducting polymer nanocomposites: a brief overview,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 608–622, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. Y.-C. Liu, J.-M. Huang, C.-E. Tsai, T. C. Chuang, and C.-C. Wang, “Effect of TiO2 nanoparticles on the electropolymerization of polypyrrole,” Chemical Physics Letters, vol. 387, no. 1–3, pp. 155–159, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. S. Roux, G. J. A. A. Soler-Illia, S. Demoustier-Champagne, P. Audebert, and C. Sanchez, “Titania/polypyrrole hybrid nanocomposites built from in-situ generated organically functionalized nanoanatase building blocks,” Advanced Materials, vol. 15, no. 3, pp. 217–221, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Singh, A. Joshi, S. Samanta et al., “Charge transport in polypyrrole: ZnO-nanowires composite films,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 95, no. 20, Article ID 202106, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. A. Joshi, D. K. Aswal, S. K. Gupta, J. V. Yakhmi, and S. A. Gangal, “ZnO-nanowires modified polypyrrole films as highly selective and sensitive chlorine sensors,” Applied Physics Letters, vol. 94, no. 10, Article ID 103115, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. P. Somani, A. B. Mandale, and S. Radhakrishnan, “Study and development of conducting polymer-based electrochromic display devices,” Acta Materialia, vol. 48, no. 11, pp. 2859–2871, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. M. G. Hosseini, R. Bagheri, and R. Najjar, “Electropolymerization of polypyrrole and polypyrrole-ZnO nanocomposites on mild steel and its corrosion protection performance,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 121, no. 6, pp. 3159–3166, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. R. Devi, M. Thakur, and C. S. Pundir, “Construction and application of an amperometric xanthine biosensor based on zinc oxide nanoparticles-polypyrrole composite film,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics, vol. 26, no. 8, pp. 3420–3426, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. Y. Hao, M. Yang, W. Li, X. Qiao, L. Zhang, and S. Cai, “Photoelectrochemical solar cell based on ZnO/dye/polypyrrole film electrode as photoanode,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 349–359, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. R. Mahmoudian, W. J. Basirun, Y. Alias, and A. Khorsand Zak, “Electrochemical characteristics of coated steel with poly(N-methyl pyrrole) synthesized in presence of ZnO nanoparticles,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 520, no. 1, pp. 258–265, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. Y. Chen, Z. Zhao, and C. Zhang, “Structural and electrochemical study of polypyrrole/ZnO nanocomposites coating on nickel sheet synthesized by electrochemical method,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 163, pp. 51–56, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  24. A. Olad and R. Nosrati, “Preparation and corrosion resistance of nanostructured PVC/ZnO-polyaniline hybrid coating,” Progress in Organic Coatings, vol. 76, no. 1, pp. 113–118, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. D. Ghosh, P. S. Sardar, M. Biswas, A. Mondal, and N. Mukherjee, “Dielectric characteristics of poly(N-vinylcarbazole) and its nanocomposites with ZnO and acetylene black,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 123, no. 1, pp. 9–12, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. J. Kim, D. Sohn, Y. Sung, and E.-R. Kim, “Fabrication and characterization of conductive polypyrrole thin film prepared by in situ vapor-phase polymerization,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 132, no. 3, pp. 309–313, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  27. D. L. Pavia, G. M. Lampman, and G. S. Kriz, Introduction To Spectroscopy: A Guide For Students of Organic Chemistry, Saunders Golden Sunburst Series, Saunders College Publishing, 1996.
  28. I. Belaish, D. Davidov, H. Selig, M. R. McLean, and L. Dalton, “Spatially selective conducting patterns in transparent films derived from ladder type polymers,” Angewandte Chemie: International Edition in English, vol. 28, no. 11, pp. 1569–1577, 1989. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  29. A. Eftekhari, Nanostructured Conducting Polymers, Wiley, 2010.
  30. B. D. Mert and B. Yazici, “The electrochemical synthesis of poly(pyrrole-co-o-anisidine) on 3102 aluminum alloy and its corrosion protection properties,” Materials Chemistry and Physics, vol. 125, no. 3, pp. 370–376, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  31. A. Mollahosseini and E. Noroozian, “Electrodeposition of a highly adherent and thermally stable polypyrrole coating on steel from aqueous polyphosphate solution,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 159, no. 13, pp. 1247–1254, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. J.-C. Lacroix, J.-L. Camalet, S. Aeiyach et al., “Aniline electropolymerization on mild steel and zinc in a two-step process,” Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, vol. 481, no. 1, pp. 76–81, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. A. Yaǧan, N. Ö. Pekmez, and A. Yildiz, “Electrochemical synthesis of poly(N-methylaniline) on an iron electrode and its corrosion performance,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 53, no. 16, pp. 5242–5251, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  34. G. Bereket and E. Hür, “The corrosion protection of mild steel by single layered polypyrrole and multilayered polypyrrole/poly(5-amino-1-naphthol) coatings,” Progress in Organic Coatings, vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 116–124, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  35. P. Ocón, A. B. Cristobal, P. Herrasti, and E. Fatas, “Corrosion performance of conducting polymer coatings applied on mild steel,” Corrosion Science, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 649–662, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. M. Pourbaix, Atlas of Electrochemical Equilibria in Aqueous Solutions, National Association of Corrosion Engineers, 1974.
  37. D. Ichinohe, T. Muranaka, T. Sasaki, M. Kobayashi, and H. Kise, “Oxidative polymerization of phenylenediamines catalyzed by horseradish peroxidase,” Journal of Polymer Science A: Polymer Chemistry, vol. 36, no. 14, pp. 2593–2600, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. P. Pawar, A. B. Gaikwad, and P. P. Patil, “Corrosion protection aspects of electrochemically synthesized poly(o-anisidine-co-o-toluidine) coatings on copper,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52, no. 19, pp. 5958–5967, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  39. B. N. Grgur, P. Živković, and M. M. Gvozdenović, “Kinetics of the mild steel corrosion protection by polypyrrole-oxalate coating in sulfuric acid solution,” Progress in Organic Coatings, vol. 56, no. 2-3, pp. 240–247, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. H. Wei, D. Ding, X. Yan et al., Tungsten Trioxide/Zinc Tungstate Bilayers: Electrochromic Behaviors, Energy Storage and Electron Transfer, Electrochimica Acta.
  41. S. S. Sathiyanarayanan, S. S. Azim, and G. Venkatachari, “A new corrosion protection coating with polyaniline-TiO2 composite for steel,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 2068–2074, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  42. H. Wei, D. Ding, S. Wei, and Z. Guo, “Anticorrosive conductive polyurethane multiwalled carbon nanotube nanocomposites,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 1, no. 36, pp. 10805–10813, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  43. J. Zhu, S. Wei, I. Y. Lee et al., “Silica stabilized iron particles toward anti-corrosion magnetic polyurethane nanocomposites,” RSC Advances, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 1136–1143, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  44. F. Montilla, M. A. Cotarelo, and E. Morallón, “Hybrid sol-gel-conducting polymer synthesised by electrochemical insertion: tailoring the capacitance of polyaniline,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 305–310, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  45. Y. Gao, C.-A. Chen, H.-M. Gau et al., “Facile synthesis of polyaniline-supported Pd nanoparticles and their catalytic properties toward selective hydrogenation of alkynes and cinnamaldehyde,” Chemistry of Materials, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 2839–2844, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  46. M. Selvaraj, S. Palraj, K. Maruthan, G. Rajagopal, and G. Venkatachari, “Synthesis and characterization of polypyrrole composites for corrosion protection of steel,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 116, no. 3, pp. 1524–1537, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  47. A. Szkurlat, B. Palys, J. Mieczkowski, and M. Skompska, “Electrosynthesis and spectroelectrochemical characterization of poly(3,4-dimethoxy-thiophene), poly(3,4-dipropyloxythiophene) and poly(3,4-dioctyloxythiophene) films,” Electrochimica Acta, vol. 48, no. 24, pp. 3665–3676, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  48. M. A. Salam, S. S. Al-Juaid, A. H. Qusti, and A. A. Hermas, “Electrochemical deposition of a carbon nanotube-poly(o-phenylenediamine) composite on a stainless steel surface,” Synthetic Metals, vol. 161, no. 1-2, pp. 153–157, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus