Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 547895, 11 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/547895
Research Article

Superhydrophobic Surface by Replication of Laser Micromachined Pattern in Epoxy/Alumina Nanoparticle Composite

Department of Materials Technology and Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, University of Lodz, Pomorska 163, 90-236 Lodz, Poland

Received 17 February 2014; Accepted 12 March 2014; Published 24 April 2014

Academic Editor: Chunyi Zhi

Copyright © 2014 Maciej Psarski et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. W. Barthlott and C. Neinhuis, “Purity of the sacred lotus, or escape from contamination in biological surfaces,” Planta, vol. 202, no. 1, pp. 1–8, 1997. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. P. de Gennes, D. Quere, F. Brochard-Wyart, and D. Quere, Capillarity and Wetting Phenomena, Springer, New York, NY, USA, 2004.
  3. A. B. D. Cassie and S. Baxter, “Wettability of porous surfaces,” Transactions of the Faraday Society, vol. 40, pp. 546–551, 1944. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. B. Bhushan and Y. C. Jung, “Natural and biomimetic artificial surfaces for superhydrophobicity, self-cleaning, low adhesion, and drag reduction,” Progress in Materials Science, vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 1–108, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  5. P. Roach, N. J. Shirtcliffe, and M. I. Newton, “Progess in superhydrophobic surface development,” Soft Matter, vol. 4, no. 2, p. 224, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. K. Koch, B. Bhushan, and W. Barthlott, “Multifunctional surface structures of plants: an inspiration for biomimetics,” Progress in Materials Science, vol. 54, no. 2, pp. 137–178, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. Z. Guo and W. Liu, “Biomimic from the superhydrophobic plant leaves in nature: binary structure and unitary structure,” Plant Science, vol. 172, no. 6, pp. 1103–1112, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. M. Cichomski, K. Kośla, W. Kozłowski et al., “Investigation of the structure of fluoroalkylsilanes deposited on alumina surface,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 258, no. 24, pp. 9849–9855, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. J. T. Han, Y. Jang, D. Y. Lee et al., “Fabrication of a bionic superhydrophobic metal surface by sulfur-induced morphological development,” Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 15, no. 30, pp. 3089–3092, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. E. Hosono, S. Fujihara, I. Honma, and H. Zhou, “Superhydrophobic perpendicular nanopin film by the bottom-up process,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, vol. 127, no. 39, pp. 13458–13459, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. M. Psarski, J. Marczak, G. Celichowski et al., “Hydrophobization of epoxy nanocomposite surface with 1H, 1H, 2H, 2H-perfluorooctyltrichlorosilane for superhydrophobic properties,” Central European Journal of Physics, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1197–1201, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  12. Z. Guo, W. Liu, and B.-L. Su, “Superhydrophobic surfaces: from natural to biomimetic to functional,” Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, vol. 353, no. 2, pp. 335–355, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. E. Martines, K. Seunarine, H. Morgan, N. Gadegaard, C. D. W. Wilkinson, and M. O. Riehle, “Superhydrophobicity and superhydrophilicity of regular nanopatterns,” Nano Letters, vol. 5, no. 10, pp. 2097–2103, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. X. Liu, Q. Ye, B. Yu, Y. Liang, W. Liu, and F. Zhou, “Switching water droplet adhesion using responsive polymer brushes,” Langmuir, vol. 26, no. 14, pp. 12377–12382, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. L. Mishchenko, B. Hatton, V. Bahadur, J. A. Taylor, T. Krupenkin, and J. Aizenberg, “Design of ice-free nanostructured surfaces based on repulsion of impacting water droplets,” ACS Nano, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 7699–7707, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. R. N. Wenzel, “Resistance of solid surfaces to wetting by water,” Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 988–994, 1936. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  17. B. N. Chichkov, C. Momma, S. Nolte, F. von Alvensleben, and A. Tünnermann, “Femtosecond, picosecond and nanosecond laser ablation of solids,” Applied Physics A: Materials Science and Processing, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 109–115, 1997. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. B. K. Nayak and M. C. Gupta, “Self-organized micro/nano structures in metal surfaces by ultrafast laser irradiation,” Optics and Lasers in Engineering, vol. 48, no. 10, pp. 940–949, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  19. A. Kietzig, S. G. Hatzikiriakos, and P. Englezos, “Patterned superhydrophobic metallic surfaces,” Langmuir, vol. 25, no. 8, pp. 4821–4827, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  20. A. Kietzig, M. Negar, S. Kamal, and P. Englezos, “Laser-patterned super-hydrophobic pure metallic substrates: cassie to wenzel wetting transitions,” Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, vol. 25, pp. 2789–2809, 2011. View at Google Scholar
  21. A. Kaldos, H. J. Pieper, E. Wolf, and M. Krause, “Laser machining in die making—a modern rapid tooling process,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 155-156, no. 1–3, pp. 1815–1820, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. M. R. H. Knowles, G. Rutterford, D. Karnakis, and A. Ferguson, “Micro-machining of metals, ceramics and polymers using nanosecond lasers,” International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, vol. 33, no. 1-2, pp. 95–102, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  23. C. Dong, Y. Gu, M. Zhong et al., “Fabrication of superhydrophobic Cu surfaces with tunable regular micro and random nano-scale structures by hybrid laser texture and chemical etching,” Journal of Materials Processing Technology, vol. 211, no. 7, pp. 1234–1240, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  24. M. H. Kwon, H. S. Shin, and C. N. Chu, “Fabrication of a super-hydrophobic surface on metal using laser ablation and electrodeposition,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 288, pp. 222–228, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  25. D. Wang, T. Hu, L. Hu et al., “Microstructured arrays of TiO2 nanotubes for improved photo-electrocatalysis and mechanical stabili,” Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 19, no. 12, pp. 1930–1938, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  26. C. H. Xue and J.-Z. Ma, “Long-lived superhydrophobic surfaces,” Journal of Materials Chemistry A, vol. 1, no. 13, pp. 4146–4161, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  27. D. A. del Cerro, G. R. B. E. Römer, and A. J. Huis in't Veld, “Erosion resistant anti-ice surfaces generated by ultra short laser pulses,” Physics Procedia, vol. 5, pp. 231–235, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  28. C. H. Xue, S. T. Jia, J. Zhang, and J. Z. Ma, “Large-area fabrication of superhydrophobic surfaces for practical applications: an overview,” Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, vol. 11, no. 3, Article ID 033002, 2010. View at Google Scholar
  29. D. Ebert and B. Bhushan, “Transparent, superhydrophobic, and wear-resistant coatings on glass and polymer substrates using SiO2, ZnO, and ITO nanoparticles,” Langmuir, vol. 28, no. 31, pp. 11391–11399, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  30. M. Psarski, G. Celichowski, J. Marczak, K. Gumowski, and G. B. Sobieraj, “Superhydrophobic dual-sized filler epoxy composite coatings,” Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 225, pp. 66–74, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  31. Y. Xia and G. M. Whitesides, “Soft lithography,” Angewandte Chemie—International Edition, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 550–575, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  32. M. Sun, C. Luo, L. Xu et al., “Artificial lotus leaf by nanocasting,” Langmuir, vol. 21, no. 19, pp. 8978–8981, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  33. B. K. Nayak, P. O. Caffrey, C. R. Speck, and M. C. Gupta, “Superhydrophobic surfaces by replication of micro/nano-structures fabricated by ultrafast-laser-microtexturing,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 266, pp. 27–32, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  34. S. H. Park, E.-H. Cho, J. Sohn et al., “Design of multi-functional dual hole patterned carbon nanotube composites with superhydrophobicity and durability,” Nano Research, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 389–398, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  35. Y. Xiu, Y. Liu, B. Balu, D. W. Hess, and C. Wong, “Robust superhydrophobic surfaces prepared with epoxy resin and silica nanoparticles,” IEEE Transactions on Components, Packaging and Manufacturing Technology, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 395–401, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  36. J. A. G. Terlingen, “Functionalization of polymer surfaces,” in Introduction of Functional Groups at Polymer Surfaces by Glow Discharge Techniques, Europlasma Technical Paper, chapter 2, pp. 1–29, 2004. View at Google Scholar
  37. S. H. Hyun, S. Y. Jo, and B. S. Kang, “Surface modification of γ-alumina membranes by silane coupling for CO2 separation,” Journal of Membrane Science, vol. 120, no. 2, pp. 197–206, 1996. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  38. P. Bado, W. Clark, and A. Said, “Machining with long pulse lasers,” http://www.cmxr.com/Education/Long.html.
  39. K. Ellinas, A. Smyrnakis, A. Malainou, A. Tserepi, and E. Gogolides, “‘Mesh-assisted’ colloidal lithography and plasma etching: a route to large-area, uniform, ordered nano-pillar and nanopost fabrication on versatile substrates,” Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 88, no. 8, pp. 2547–2551, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  40. M. A. Raza, E. S. Kooij, A. van Silfhout, and B. Poelsema, “Superhydrophobic surfaces by anomalous fluoroalkylsilane self-assembly on silica nanosphere arrays,” Langmuir, vol. 26, no. 15, pp. 12962–12972, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  41. R. M. Wagterveld, C. W. J. Berendsen, S. Bouaidat, and J. Jonsmann, “Ultralow hysteresis superhydrophobic surfaces by excimer laser modification of SU-8,” Langmuir, vol. 22, no. 26, pp. 10904–10908, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus