Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 672047, 7 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/672047
Research Article

Gold-Catalyzed Growth of Aluminium-Doped Zinc Oxide Nanorods by Sputtering Method

1NANO-Electronic Center, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
2CoRe of Frontier Materials & Industry Applications, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia
3Kulliyyah of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia, P.O. Box 10, 50728 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Received 23 April 2014; Revised 3 July 2014; Accepted 3 July 2014; Published 17 July 2014

Academic Editor: Margarida Amaral

Copyright © 2014 A. B. Rosli et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. Y. S. Park, M. Seo, J. Yi, D. Lim, and J. Lee, “Characteristics of aluminum-doped zinc oxide films with oxygen plasma treatment for solar cell applications,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 547, pp. 47–51, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  2. Z. B. Ayadi, L. El Mir, K. Djessas, and S. Alaya, “The properties of aluminum-doped zinc oxide thin films prepared by rf-magnetron sputtering from nanopowder targets,” Materials Science and Engineering C, vol. 28, no. 5-6, pp. 613–617, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. S. H. Jeong, J. W. Lee, S. B. Lee, and J. H. Boo, “Deposition of aluminum-doped zinc oxide films by RF magnetron sputtering and study of their structural, electrical and optical properties,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 435, no. 1-2, pp. 78–82, 2003. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. N. Evcimen Duygulu, A. O. Kodolbas, and A. Ekerim, “Effects of argon pressure and r.f. power on magnetron sputtered aluminum doped ZnO thin films,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 394, pp. 116–125, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  5. J. Sengupta, R. K. Sahoo, and C. D. Mukherjee, “Effect of annealing on the structural, topographical and optical properties of sol-gel derived ZnO and AZO thin films,” Materials Letters, vol. 83, pp. 84–87, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. T. B. Asafa, N. Tabet, and S. A. M. Said, “Taguchi method-ANN integration for predictive model of intrinsic stress in hydrogenated amorphous silicon film deposited by plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition,” Neurocomputing, vol. 106, pp. 86–94, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  7. D. K. Kim and H. B. Kim, “Room temperature deposition of Al-doped ZnO thin films on glass by RF magnetron sputtering under different Ar gas pressure,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 509, no. 2, pp. 421–425, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. P. Sundara Venkatesh, C. L. Dong, C. L. Chen, W. F. Pong, K. Asokan, and K. Jeganathan, “Local electronic structure of ZnO nanorods grown by radio frequency magnetron sputtering,” Materials Letters, vol. 116, pp. 206–208, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  9. K. W. Johnson, S. Guruvenket, R. A. Sailer, S. P. Ahrenkiel, and D. L. Schulz, “Atmospheric pressure plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition of zinc oxide and aluminum zinc oxide,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 548, pp. 210–219, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  10. X. J. Qin, L. Zhao, G. J. Shao, and N. Wang, “Influence of solvents on deposition mechanism of Al-doped ZnO films synthesized by cold wall aerosol-assisted chemical vapor deposition,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 542, pp. 144–149, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. A. Illiberi, P. J. P. M. Simons, B. Kniknie et al., “Growth of ZnOx:Al by high-throughput CVD at atmospheric pressure,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 347, no. 1, pp. 56–61, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. P. Zhang, R. Y. Hong, Q. Chen, and W. G. Feng, “On the electrical conductivity and photocatalytic activity of aluminum-doped zinc oxide,” Powder Technology, vol. 253, pp. 360–367, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  13. S. H. H. Z. Aznilinda, A. B. Raudah, W. F. H. Abdullah, and M. Rusop, “Substrate temperature dependence on sputtered titania thin film,” Advanced Materials Research, vol. 795, pp. 294–298, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  14. Y. Zhou, P. J. Kelly, A. Postill, O. Abu-Zeid, and A. A. Alnajjar, “The characteristics of aluminium-doped zinc oxide films prepared by pulsed magnetron sputtering from powder targets,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 447-448, pp. 33–39, 2004. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. N. Neves, R. Barros, E. Antunes et al., “Aluminum doped zinc oxide sputtering targets obtained from nanostructured powders: processing and application,” Journal of the European Ceramic Society, vol. 32, no. 16, pp. 4381–4391, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. S. R. Hejazi, H. R. M. Hosseini, and M. S. Ghamsari, “The role of reactants and droplet interfaces on nucleation and growth of ZnO nanorods synthesized by vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) mechanism,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, vol. 455, no. 1-2, pp. 353–357, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. H. Yumoto, T. Sako, Y. Gotoh, K. Nishiyama, and T. Kaneko, “Growth mechanism of vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) grown indium tin oxide (ITO) whiskers along the substrate,” Journal of Crystal Growth, vol. 203, no. 1, pp. 136–140, 1999. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. M. Jlassi, I. Sta, M. Hajji, and H. Ezzaouia, “Effect of nickel doping on physical properties of zinc oxide thin films prepared by the spray pyrolysis method,” Applied Surface Science, vol. 301, pp. 216–224, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  19. Z. Ben Ayadi, H. Mahdhi, K. Djessas, J. L. Gauffier, L. El Mir, and S. Alaya, “Sputtered Al-doped ZnO transparent conducting thin films suitable for silicon solar cells,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 553, pp. 123–126, 2014. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar
  20. J. Ma, F. Ji, H.-L. Ma, and S.-Y. Li, “Preparation and properties of transparent conducting zinc oxide and aluminum-doped zinc oxide films prepared by evaporating method,” Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 341–348, 2000. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  21. S. Hana, K. Nishioka, and S. Horita, “Enhancement of the crystalline quality of reactively sputtered yttria-stabilized zirconia by oxidation of the metallic target surface,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 517, no. 20, pp. 5830–5836, 2009. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  22. D.-H. Cho, Y.-D. Chung, K.-S. Lee et al., “Influence of growth temperature of transparent conducting oxide layer on Cu(In,Ga)Se 2 thin-film solar cells,” Thin Solid Films, vol. 520, no. 6, pp. 2115–2118, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus