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Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014, Article ID 723057, 9 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/723057
Research Article

Preparation Method of Co3O4 Nanoparticles Using Degreasing Cotton and Their Electrochemical Performances in Supercapacitors

1School of Materials Science and Engineering, North University of China, No. 3 Xueyuan Road, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030051, China
2Key Laboratory of Instrumentation Science and Dynamic Measurement of Ministry of Education, North University of China, No. 3 Xueyuan Road, Taiyuan, Shanxi 030051, China

Received 11 December 2013; Revised 18 February 2014; Accepted 19 February 2014; Published 20 March 2014

Academic Editor: Matthew T. Cole

Copyright © 2014 Hongyan Xu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Co3O4 nanoparticles were fabricated by a novel, facile, and environment-friendly carbon-assisted method using degreasing cotton. Structural and morphological characterizations were performed using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The component of the sample obtained at different temperatures was measured by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Nitrogen adsorption and desorption isotherms were utilized to reveal the specific surface areas. The formation mechanism of Co3O4 nanoparticles was also proposed, demonstrating that the additive degreasing cotton played an indispensable role in the process of synthesizing the sample. The resultant Co3O4 sample calcined at 600°C exhibited superior electrochemical performance with better specific capacitance and long-term cycling life, due to its high specific surface areas and pores structures. Additionally, it has been proved that this facile synthetic strategy can be extended to produce other metal oxide materials (e.g., Fe3O4). As a consequence, the carbon-assisted method using degreasing cotton accompanied a promising prospect for practical application.