Table of Contents Author Guidelines Submit a Manuscript
Journal of Nanomaterials
Volume 2014 (2014), Article ID 867106, 8 pages
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/867106
Research Article

Synergistic Effect of Nanosilica Aerogel with Phosphorus Flame Retardants on Improving Flame Retardancy and Leaching Resistance of Wood

Material Science and Engineering College, Central South University of Forestry and Technology, Changsha, Hunan 410004, China

Received 25 April 2014; Accepted 18 June 2014; Published 6 July 2014

Academic Editor: Sanqing Huang

Copyright © 2014 Xiaodan Zhu et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Linked References

  1. T. R. Hull, A. Witkowski, and L. Hollingbery, “Fire retardant action of mineral fillers,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 96, no. 8, pp. 1462–1469, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  2. Y. Fang, Q. Wang, C. Guo, Y. Song, and P. A. Cooper, “Effect of zinc borate and wood flour on thermal degradation and fire retardancy of Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) composites,” Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, vol. 100, pp. 230–236, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  3. Y. Yen, H. Wang, and W. J. Guo, “Synergistic effect of aluminum hydroxide and nanoclay on flame retardancy and mechanical properties of EPDM composites,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 130, no. 3, pp. 2042–2048, 2013. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  4. Y. Q. Wu, C. H. Yao, Y. C. Hu, S. L. Yang, Y. Qing, and Q. L. Wu, “Flame retardancy and thermal degradation behavior of red gum wood treated with hydrate magnesium chloride,” Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 3536–3542, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  5. J. X. Jiang, J. Z. Li, J. Hu, and D. Fan, “Effect of nitrogen phosphorus flame retardants on thermal degradation of wood,” Construction and Building Materials, vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 2633–2637, 2010. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  6. F. Shukor, A. Hassan, I. M. Saiful et al., “Effect of ammonium polyphosphate on flame retardancy, thermal stability and mechanical properties of alkali treated kenaf fiber filled PLA biocomposites,” Materials & Design, vol. 54, pp. 425–429, 2014. View at Google Scholar
  7. M. Gao, C. Y. Sun, and C. X. Wang, “Thermal degradation of wood treated with flame retardants,” Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 765–769, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  8. Z. X. Zhang, J. Zhang, B.-X. Lu, Z. X. Xin, C. K. Kang, and J. K. Kim, “Effect of flame retardants on mechanical properties, flammability and foamability of PP/wood-fiber composites,” Composites B: Engineering, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 150–158, 2012. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  9. A. Gentilhomme, M. Cochez, M. Ferriol, N. Oget, and J. L. Mieloszynski, “Thermal degradation of methyl methacrylate polymers functionalized by phosphorus-containing molecules. III: cone calorimeter experiments and investigation of residues,” Polymer Degradation and Stability, vol. 88, no. 1, pp. 92–97, 2005. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  10. Y. C. Chiu, F. Y. Liu, C. M. Ma et al., “Syntheses and characterization of novel P/Si polysilsesquioxanes/epoxy nanocomposites,” Thermochimica Acta, vol. 473, no. 1-2, pp. 7–13, 2008. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  11. J. Alongi, M. Ciobanu, and G. Malucelli, “Novel flame retardant finishing systems for cotton fabrics based on phosphorus-containing compounds and silica derived from sol-gel processes,” Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 85, no. 3, pp. 599–608, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  12. S. Palanti, G. Predieri, F. Vignali, E. Feci, A. Casoli, and E. Conti, “Copper complexes grafted to functionalized silica gel as wood preservatives against the brown rot fungus Coniophora puteana,” Wood Science and Technology, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 707–718, 2011. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  13. H. Miyafuji, S. Saka, and A. Yamamoto, “SiO2-P2O5-B2O3 wood-inorganic composites prepared by metal alkoxide oligomers and their fire-resisting properties,” Holzforschung, vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 410–416, 1998. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  14. F. Yang and G. L. Nelson, “Polymer/silica nanocomposites prepared via extrusion,” Polymers for Advanced Technologies, vol. 17, no. 4, pp. 320–326, 2006. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  15. H. Getto and S. Ishihara, “Functionally graded wood in fire endurance with basic nitrogen compounds and phosphoric acid,” Fire and Materials, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 77–83, 1998. View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  16. A. Kioul and L. Mascia, “Compatibility of polyimide-silicate ceramers induced by alkoxysilane silane coupling agents,” Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, vol. 175, no. 2-3, pp. 169–186, 1994. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  17. T.-C. Mo, H.-W. Wang, S.-Y. Chen, R.-X. Dong, C.-H. Kuo, and Y.-C. Yeh, “Synthesis and characterization of polyimide-silica nanocomposites using novel fluorine-modified silica nanoparticles,” Journal of Applied Polymer Science, vol. 104, no. 2, pp. 882–890, 2007. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus
  18. C. J. Cornelius and E. Marand, “Hybrid inorganic-organic materials based on a 6FDA-6FpDA-DABA polyimide and silica: physical characterization studies,” Polymer, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 2385–2400, 2002. View at Publisher · View at Google Scholar · View at Scopus